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RIL's KGD6 investment of $6 bn to up its regulatory exposure: Moody's

Announced investment of Rs 40,000 crore in development of 3 fields in KG-D6 block off eastern coast

Press Trust of India  |  New Delhi 

Natural Gas, LNG
Representative Image. Photo: Reuters

Industries' planned $6 billion to monetise gas finds in will increase its exposure to the extremely challenging Indian that is fraught with delays and retrospective changes in regulation, Moody's Investor Service said on Tuesday. 

Industries(RIL) and its partner BP Plc of last week announced that they are moving ahead with development of three fields in the off the east coast of of Rs 40,000 crore in the development of the fields is expected to produce 30-35 million cubic meters of gas a day (mmscmd) by year 2020-2022.


"The planned will increase RIL's exposure to Indian gas business, which is extremely challenging given the delays in regulatory approvals, retrospective changes in regulations and slow resolution of disputes. is already in arbitration with the regulator for costs previously incurred in the KG-D6 block," Moody's said in its Issuer Comment.

It said given the regulatory environment, the timing of both the investments and cash flows from the project remains uncertain.

"Two fields in the that are already producing gas have seen a sharp decline in production of 60 mmscmd in 2010 to 7.8 mmscmd in 2017. The company has attributed the decline to more-than-expected complexity of the reservoirs. If the new fields also exhibit the same kind of complexity, the cash flows from the project could be much lower," it said.

estimate that the fields have 3 trillion cubic feet of discovered gas resources, which could be monetised with these investments.

The is subject to approval by the Government of the development plans which and BP plan to submit before end of 2017.

The will only move forward when the development plans are approved by the government and their respective board of directors.

"We expect the development plans will be approved in stages and the investments will be mostly back ended," it said.

owns 60 per cent interest in the block and its share of will be Rs 24,000 crore. "We expect minimal investments in fiscal ending March 2018 and the annual investments will be about Rs 6,000 crore after that, which will increase borrowings and leverage," Moody's said.

While relative to RIL's total EBITDA of Rs 56,800 crore in fiscal 2017, the amount will have little impact on its credit metrics, the annual amount is disproportionately higher than the cash flows being generated by its upstream segment.

RIL's upstream segment reported a pre-tax loss of Rs 1,600 crore in fiscal 2017.

"This implies that the upstream business will drain cash from the rest of the business from fiscal 2018 until production begins from these blocks. This adds further drag on RIL's refining and petrochemical businesses which are already supporting the company's Rs 3 lakh crore ($47 billion) capex program over last four years in its energy and telecom businesses," Moody's said.

Currently, is only getting $2.5 per million British thermal unit for its current gas production from the But the new fields are entitled to a higher rate, which is capped at $5.56.

plan to award soon the contracts for development of the first field - R-Series, deep water gas fields located in water-depths of more than 2,000 meters, approximately 70 km offshore.

The expect to produce up to 12 mmscmd, with first production in 2020.

"At current gas price ceiling of $5.5 per million Btu, this level of production can generate $860 million (Rs 5,500 crore) of annual revenues for the block.

"If the three new fields together manage to achieve production volumes of 30-35 mmscmd of natural gas, they could generate annual revenues of $ 2.2-2.5 billion, of which RIL's share will be $ 1.3-1.5 billion," it said.

First Published: Tue, June 20 2017. 15:58 IST
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