The special Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court on Wednesday said that the 2G case judgment date will be announced on November 7, ANI reported. The court had concluded final arguments in the case on April 26.
The court was hearing two separate cases related to the 2G spectrum cases. The CBI
is investigating one of the cases, while the Enforcement Directorate is looking into the other one. Five cases were allotted to this court in 2012 after the scam broke out.
What are the charges?
According to the CBI, A Raja
was biased in allocating 2G mobile airwaves and operating licences to telecom firms, causing a huge loss to the state exchequer.
chargesheet said Rs 200 crore was transferred from DB Group to Kalaignar TV, which were kickbacks in lieu of allocation of 2G spectrum to Swan Telecom Pvt Ltd.
The ED has filed a separate case related to money laundering alleging that a conspiracy was hatched by Raja, Kanimozhi
and DMK chief M Karunanidhi's wife Dayalu Ammal besides others and that the Rs 200 crore was the proceeds of crime.
Who is facing trial in the case currently?
Individuals: A Raja, Kanimozhi, former telecom secretary Siddharth Behura, Raja’s erstwhile private secretary RK Chandolia, Swan Telecom promoters Shahid Usman Balwa and Vinod Goenka, Unitech
Ltd managing director D Sanjay Chandra, three top executives of Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group—Gautam Doshi, Surendra Pipara and Hari Nair.
Companies: Swan Telecom Pvt Ltd, Reliance Telecom Ltd and Unitech
Wireless (Tamil Nadu) Ltd.
Anand Grover, senior advocate and CBI’s special prosecutor has presented over 150 witnesses including Reliance ADAG chairman Anil Ambani, his wife Tina Ambani and former corporate lobbyist Niira Radia.
Who has been given clean chit so far?
In 2015, the court discharged all accused in the 2002 additional telecom spectrum scam involving former telecom secretary Shyamal Ghosh and three telecom firms—Bharti Cellular Ltd, Hutchison Max Telecom Pvt Ltd (now known as Vodafone India Ltd) and Sterling Cellular Ltd (now Vodafone Mobile Service Ltd).
In February 2017, a special court in Delhi discharged former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran, his brother Kalanithi Maran and others in the Aircel-Maxis deal cases lodged by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the Enforcement Directorate (ED). There were allegations that as telecom minister, Dayanidhi Maran used his influence to coerce Aircel owner C. Sivasankaran into selling his stake in the company to T Ananda Krishnan-led Maxis Communications Bhd.
Here's the timeline of the 2G case:
May 2007: A Raja
takes over as Telecom Minister
Aug 2007: Process of allotment of 2G Spectrum along with UAS Licences initiated by Department of Telecom (DoT)
Sept 25, 2007: Telecom Ministry issues press note fixing deadline for application as October 1, 2007
Oct 1, 2007: DoT receives 575 applications by 46 firms
Nov 2, 2007: PM writes to Raja to ensure fair licence allocation and proper revision of fee. Raja writes to PM allegedly rejecting many of his recommendations
Nov 22, 2007: Finance Ministry writes to DoT raising concerns over the procedure adopted
Jan 10, 2008: DoT decides to issue licences on first—come—first—serve basis (FCFS), preponing cut—off date to September 25. Later in the day, DoT says those who apply between 3.30 and 4.30 pm would be issued licences
2008: Swan Telecom, Unitech
and Tata Teleservices sell off a part of their stakes at much higher rates to Etisalat, Telenor and DoCoMo respectively
May 4, 2009: NGO Telecom Watchdog complains to the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) on the illegalities in the 2G spectrum allocation to Loop Telecom
2009: CVC directs CBI
to investigate the matter
July 1, 2009: Single judge of Delhi HC holds change of cut—off date as illegal. S—tel had moved the petition
Oct 21, 2009: CBI
files FIR against “unknown officers of DoT and unknown private persons/ companies and others“
Oct 22, 2009: CBI
raids DoT offices
Nov 16, 2009: CBI
seeks help from Directorate General of Income Tax for information on lobbyist Niira Radia and records pertaining to middlemen in award of 2G spectrum licences
Nov 20, 2009: Information by IT dept shows role of corporate players in influencing policies of DoT via illegal means. Shows Radia directly in touch with Raja
Mar 31, 2010: CAG report notes “whole process of issue of licence lacked fairness and transparency“
May 6, 2010: Telephonic conversation between Raja and Radia made public by the media
May 2010: Government constitutes GoM for allocation of 3G spectrum, reducing DoT under Raja as mere implementing body
Aug 18, 2010: HC refuses to direct PM to decide on a complaint by Janata Party chief Swamy seeking sanction to prosecute Raja for his alleged involvement in 2G scam
Sept 13, 2010: SC asks the government, Raja to reply within 10 days to three petitions alleging a Rs 70,000 crore scam in the grant of telecom licences in 2008
Sept 24, 2010: Swamy moves SC seeking direction to PM to sanction prosecution of Raja
Sept 27, 2010: Enforcement Directorate informs SC of probe against firms suspected to have violated FEMA. Says can’t deny or confirm now Raja’s involvement in the scam
Oct 2010: SC asks the government to respond to CAG report about the scam. Pulls up CBI
for its tardy progress in probe
Nov 10, 2010: CAG submits report on 2G spectrum to the government stating loss of Rs 1.76 lakh crore to exchequer
Nov 11, 2010: DoT files affidavit in SC; says CAG did not have the authority to question the policy decision as per which licence were issued to new players in 2008
Nov 14—15, 2010: Raja resigns as Telecom Minister. Kapil Sibal given additional charge of Telecom Ministry
Feb 10, 2011: SC asks CBI
to bring under its scanner corporate houses which were beneficiaries of the 2G spectrum. Raja remanded to CBI
custody for four more days by a special CBI
court along with Balwa
Feb 17—18, 2011: Raja sent to Tihar Jail under judicial custody. Balwa too jailed
Feb 24, 2011: CBI
tells Delhi Court Balwa facilitated transaction to DMK—run Kalaignar TV
March 14, 2011: The Delhi High Court sets up special court to deal exclusively with 2G cases
March 29, 2011: SC permits CBI
to file charge sheet on April 2 instead of March 31. Two more persons — Asif Balwa and Rajeev Agarwal arrested
April 2, 2011: CBI
files its first charge sheet. Names Raja, Chandolia and Behura. Reliance ADAG Group Managing Director Gautam Doshi, its senior Vice President Hari Nair, Group President Surendra Pipara, Swan Telecom Promoters Shahid Usman Balwa and Vinod Goenka and Managing Director of Unitech
Ltd Sanjay Chandra made accused. Three companies — Reliance Telecom Ltd, Swan Telecom Pvt Ltd and Unitech
Wireless (Tamil Nadu) Pvt Ltd — also charge sheeted
April 25, 2011: CBI
files second charge sheet naming DMK chief M. Karunanidhi’s daughter and MP Kanimozhi, 4 others
Oct 23, 2011: Charges framed against all 17 accused
Nov 11, 2011: Trial begins
Nov 23, 2011: SC grants bail to 5 corporate executives — Nair, Doshi, Pipara, Chandra and Goenka
Nov 28, 2011: Delhi HC grants bail to Kanimozhi, Kumar, Morani, Asif and Rajiv
Nov 29, 2011: Special court grants bail to Shahid Balwa
Dec 1, 2011: Chandolia gets bail from special court
Dec 12, 2011: CBI
files third charge sheet. Names Essar Group promoters Anshuman and Ravi Ruia, its director (Strategy and Planning) Vikas Saraf, Loop Telecom promoters Kiran Khaitan and her husband I P Khaitan. Also charge sheets Loop Telecom Pvt Ltd, Loop Mobile India Ltd and Essar Tele Holding
Jan 31, 2012: SC says filing complaint under the PC Act is a constitutional right and the competent authority should take a decision on giving the sanction within four months
Feb 2, 2012: SC cancels 122 licences granted during Raja's tenure. Directs auctioning of licences in 4 months. SC leaves it to the special court to decide on Chidambaram within 2 weeks | Verdict
Feb 2, 2012: SC refuses to ask CBI
to probe role of Chidambaram in 2G case and leaves it to the Special Court to decide the matter.
Feb 4, 2012: Special Court dismisses Swamy's plea to make Chidambaram a co-accused.
Feb 23, 2012: Swamy moves SC against the trial court order on Chidambaram. NGO, Centre for Public Interest Litigation also files application seeking probe against Chidambaram.
Mar 1, 2012: Plea against Chidambaram and Law Minister Salman Khurshid for their alleged role in the 2G spectrum scam
is listed for hearing in the SC.
Apr 4, 2012: SC begins hearing plea against Chidambaram.
Apr 24, 2012: SC reserves order on the maintainability of the plea for probe against Chidambaram in the 2G spectrum case.
Aug 24, 2012: SC dismisses plea for probe against Chidambaram in the 2G case, says no prima facie material to show that Chidambaram got pecuniary benefits.
December 9, 2013: Amid protests, JPC report on 2G tabled in Lok Sabha
April 25, 2014: 2G kickback case: ED chargesheets Raja, Kanimozhi
May 5, 2014: Court records statement of Raja
October 31, 2014: Charges framed in 2G-linked case
November 10, 2014: Final hearing from December 19
June 1, 2015: Kalaignar TV got Rs. 200 crores through 2G scam, says ED
August 19, 2015: CBI
files assets case against Raja
September 30, 2015: SC dismisses Essar promoters’ plea
November 3, 2015: SC rejects Kanimozhi’s plea to quash charges against her
October 7, 2016: Entitled to be acquitted in 2G case: Kanimozhi
April 19, 2017: Special court concludes arguments
September 20, 2017: Special court adjourned the 2G spectrum allocation cases against former telecom minister Raja, DMK Rajya Sabha member Kanimozhi
and others to October 25