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The Delhi government's experiment with anti-smog guns to control pollution has failed the test of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), which on Thursday declared the machine ineffective in open areas and on fine particles. The CPCB also observed that even to control dust, it would take at least 50,000 such machines to control bigger particles in the air across Delhi, which has an area of 1,484 sq.km. "This system can't be applied in an area like Delhi...it can only work in a confined area like a stadium and not in open areas," D. Saha, scientist at the CPCB who observed Wednesday's experiment at Anand Vihar, told IANS. Mounted on a diesel truck, the "Anti-Smog Gun" sprays atomised water into the atmosphere to control air pollution. It typically uses 30 to 100 litres of water in a minute. It aims at settling dust and the fine particles in a limited radius of 25 to 50 meters with the water spray -- a typical 0.03 sq.km at its peak efficiency. The CPCB observed that the machine -- a water scrubber -- was suitable only for controlling industrial dust in mining, grinding, coal or mineral handling and stone crushers. The unconfined ambient air laden with lesser dust, compared to industrial fugitive location, might not get a chance to get adhered with tiny and submicron particles in a given time, felt two CPCB scientists Saha and Abhijit Pathak. The scientists further said that the water droplets from the device would stay in the air for lesser time that the pollutant of same size, thus the area of impact would result only in the form of a "wet-surface". On Wednesday, the data from Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) showed no change in the major pollutant PM2.5 and PM10, or particles in the air with diameter less than 2.5 and 10 micrometers, though the manufacturers claim that the machine aims at controlling PM2.5 and PM10. The PM2.5 concentration at Anand Vihar was 412 units at 5 p.m (before test), which increased to 419 units at 6 p.m and to 426 units at 7 p.m, even as the experiment was going on. Pollution in 'emergency' bracket again; CPCB panel for closure A CPCB-led taskforce today recommended the closure of all coal-based industries operating in Delhi-NCR for a fortnight from January 15 to contain air pollution during the upcoming ASEAN summit here. The taskforce, formed under the Centre-notified Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP), made the recommendation to the EPCA as part of a series of proposals in light of pollution touching 'emergency' level again. The ASEAN summit is scheduled to take place between January 19 and 30 in the national capital. The EPCA (Environment Pollution - Prevention and Control Authority) also wrote to the chief secretaries of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan to gear up for another round of action under the 'emergency' category of the GRAP, which includes the odd-even scheme. The CPCB taskforce, after reviewing the situation, also recommended that the states show readiness for implementing the road-rationing scheme for private vehicle except emergency services. Health expert T K Joshi, a member of the taskforce, told PTI that recommending closure of the coal-based thermal power plants in the region was also on the table but a decision was put off for the time being as it may be counterproductive. "It may lead to a power crisis and subsequently may trigger large-scale use of diesel-generator sets which are already banned.
We will constantly review the situation, which may persist for a few more days," Joshi said.At 2 pm today, the concentration of PM2.5 was 320.9 microgram per cubic metre (ug/m3), while PM10 was 496 ug/m3, four units short of the emergency limit of 500 ug/m3. At 6 pm, the corresponding readings were 314 and 487 ug/m3. Under the Centre-notified Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP), pollution is considered severe plus or emergency when readings of ultrafine particulates PM2.5 or PM10 are above 300 and 500 ug/m3 respectively. Measures listed under the emergency category are rolled out when these conditions prevail for 48 hours at a stretch. "Task Force reviewed air quality situation for Delhi NCR. Continuous 'Severe +' air quality is noted since 0700 Hrs (December 21, 2017) and IMD has forecast low winds and moderate/dense fog in morning," as per the minutes of the meeting. If the EPCA notifies the emergency action plan, which was done during the November smog episode, measures including a ban on entry of trucks, construction activities and the odd- even scheme may have to be enforced in the city. In the first round, these measures were imposed on November 8 and withdrawn on November 16 after the smog lifted. The latest spell of pollution started on the night of December 19. Since then, the pollution graph has steadily risen, mainly due to a drastic fall in wind speed which is preventing dispersion of pollutants. Delhi fog woes
It was a foggy morning here on Friday with the minimum temperature recorded at 11 degrees Celsius, three notches above the season's average.
At least 15 trains were cancelled, 28 delayed and nine were rescheduled due to fog in several parts of northern India.
"There was moderate fog in the morning reducing the visibility to 500 metres. The sky will be partly cloudy during the day," an India Meteorological Department official said.
The maximum temperature was likely to hover around 24 degrees Celsius.
Humidity at 8.30 a.m. was 86 per cent.
Thursday's minimum temperature was recorded at 12 degrees Celsius, four notches above the season's average while the maximum temperature settled at 25.2 degrees Celsius, four notches above the season's average.