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Delhi vs Mumbai: A debate through numbers

Delhi scores better on most counts, barring crime and safety for women

Nikhil Inamdar  |  Mumbai 

One is India’s financial capital, the other its political capital. In drawing rooms and offices, the vs. debate is an old one and rages on relentlessly, providing much needed amusement to the dwellers of these two urban metropolises. But as goes to polls, we try and cut through the hubbub and sift through hard numbers to find out how the two cities fare on various parameters. Numbers of course don’t bear out social and cultural traits of seeming pre-eminence or esoteric ideas of character, spirit or cosmopolitanism, but do give you a fair idea of how a city is progressing.

According to a variety of official and unofficial data compiled by Business Standard, on a majority of counts seems to be performing better than Mumbai, struggling however to rein in instances of and for women.


On for instance, spends thrice the amount does and has continued upping its budgets, even though on literacy currently fares better.

EDUCATION
Item Delhi Mumbai
Expenditure on (2011-12) Rs 4,974.3 Cr Rs 1,493 Cr
Literacy (2011-12) 86.4% 90.8%
Source: India Spend

Delhi’s budget is also much higher than Mumbai’s and consequently its death rate per 1000 is nearly half that of and infant mortality rates are also much lower.

HEALTH
Item Delhi Mumbai
Expenditure on (2011-12)  Rs 3,480.77 Cr Rs 2,167.5 Cr
Death rate per 1000     4.3 7.4
Infant mortality    28 29.53
Source: India Spend

From an economic point of view, while beats on growth rates of and per capita GDP, going forward, is slated to overtake on both counts by 2025.

GDP
Item Delhi Mumbai
(2010) $48 bn $56 bn
in 2025 (expected) $211 bn $193 bn
Per Capita (000$)   $7  $8
Per Capita in 2025 (000$) (expected) $19 $16
Source: ET report quoting data from McKinsey Global Institute

Mumbaikars also have to shell out a lot more on basic living costs than Delhiites do, whether it’s on housing, fuel and light bills, food and other miscellaneous items, even though discretionary spends are more expensive in the capital.

INFLATION
Item Delhi Mumbai
CPI-IW (2011) (% YOY) 8% 10.3%
Food 8.6% 21.1%
Housing 11.35 18%
Fuel & Light bills 11% 24.8%
Source: Economic Survey 2012-13, Orbis Economics Estimates

is also likely to attract more people in the future, as by 2025 it is likely to narrow the gap with by 1 million from the current 2 million.

POPULATION
Item Delhi Mumbai
2010 (in millions) 16.2 18.2
Expected in 2025 (in millions) 21.4 22.4
Source: ET report quoting data from McKinsey Global Institute

On though, continues to lag Mumbai, accounting for a tenth of all the crimes that were reported in the country in 2012 and 585 rapes, more than twice the 232 that were reported in

(2012)
Item Delhi Mumbai
% of total crimes committed in India 10.1% 6.2%
Reported rape cases 585 232
Source: Records Bureau

While there is no ready data available to compare the two cities on infrastructure, there is broad agreement that scores over on the infrastructure it provides to its inhabitants. The Times of India quoted Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan as saying that the country's financial capital gets "step-motherly treatment" compared to as since 2005, has received 34% more funds under the Centre's flagship urban development programme - the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). The same report also suggests, however, that has been much more efficient in spending its funds than According to the report, a Union Urban Development Ministry estimate suggests that has spent 95% of central funds compared to Delhi's 115%.

So Delhiites, do keep these stats handy next time a vs. argument ensues!

First Published: Tue, December 03 2013. 11:15 IST
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