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European pollution tracking satellite reveals Patna worst hit Indian city

Sentinel-5P is the latest spacecraft that helps detect the presence of trace gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, methane, and carbon monoxide in the atmosphere.

Press Trust of India  |  London 

File Photo: NASA
File Photo: NASA

A tracking the levels air pollutants around the world has beamed back new views of the Earth's atmosphere, including images of pollution drifting away from power plants in India.

The worst of this pollution runs from north of in to south of in Chhattisgarh, scientists said.

The is designed to make daily global maps of the gases and particles that pollute the air.

The first sample images released by mission scientists show plumes of flowing away from power plants and traffic-choked cities.

S5P has even captured the ash and sulphur emissions from on the Indonesian island of Bali, which is in the midst of a big eruption.

Researchers from the Netherlands Met Office (KNMI) still need to complete five months of calibration work to get the satellite's data ready for public use.

When fully operational, the new Sentinel will be an extremely powerful tool to monitor air quality, according to principal investigator Pepijn Veefkind.

"It's been amazing to see how quickly we were able to get the working. This is a big improvement on what we've been able to do before. In just a week, we've got more data out of than in several years of operation of a previous mission," Veefkind told 'BBC News'.

is the latest spacecraft in a fleet of Earth observers being commissioned by the and the European Space Agency.

It was launched into an 824-kilometre high orbit by a Russian rocket on October 13 this year.

It carries an instrument called - a spectrometer that observes the reflected sunlight coming up from the Earth, analysing its many different colours.

This helps detect the presence of trace gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, methane, and in the atmosphere.

First Published: Mon, December 04 2017. 16:20 IST
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