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Fit & Proper: Importance of choosing the right footwear

Incorrect or ill-fitting footwear is a recipe to many foot ailments, which catapult into bigger problems if not rectified at the correct stage

Pradeep Munoot 

Pradeep Munoot
Pradeep Munoot. Orthopaedic surgeon and specialist in knee, foot and ankle surgery

When walking down a short aisle, climbing a small flight of stairs, or going for casual stroll becomes a dreadful walking experience, it is time to have a closer look at your foot While a lot of may have more complex reasons, some could be simply due to incorrect which is too small or too big, too tight or too flimsy, too hard or too soft, too narrow or too wide and not in congruence to your foot shape, length, and arch, will be categorised as incorrect Such incorrect or ill-fitting is a recipe to many foot ailments, which catapult into bigger problems if not rectified at the correct stage.

How to know if the is incorrect

  • Your toes graze the tip of the shoes 

  •  The little and the big both should fit comfortably in the shoe box

  •  If you develop corns, callous, bunions then one of the reasons could be improper Too short, too tight or high-heeled cause such problems

  •  An abnormal gait, incorrect hip rotation, and heel pain are signs of improper  

  •  If the arch of your foot aches at the end of the day, then your is not providing proper support

If your are too big, or they're not supportive enough, the muscles on the bottom of your foot tighten with each step in an attempt to keep the shoe from sliding off or slipping out. It can also set the stage for an overuse injury, such as Plantar Fasciitis, where the Plantar Fascia Tendon that runs along the bottom of your foot from toes to heel becomes chronically inflamed. Poorly designed for your type of physical activity, can cause a number of short- and long-term problems that affect various parts of our bodies. Hence, it is important to choose proper to ‘be well-heeled’. 

Dos and Don'ts

  •  High arch people need to wear cushioned shoes

  •  The insole and outsole should provide enough cushion for shock absorption

  •  There should be 1.5 cm of space between your longest and the end of the shoe

  •  Your heels should fit comfortably in your with minimal slippage

  •  If heels needs to be worn, try to spend minimum time in them. The heel height should be no more than 3-4 cm, if they are to be worn daily

  •  Narrow pointed can lead to bunions

  •  Since our feel have slight size difference, always look at fitting the larger foot first

  •  Buy stretchable to decrease joint irritation

First Published: Sat, September 23 2017. 23:09 IST