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It warned that the move was not "conducive" to peace in the region.
India's Home Ministry has reportedly approved the building of a road from Marsimik La to Hot Spring in Ladakh. Marsimik La is about 20 km from Pangong Lake, where Indian and Chinese troops scuffled last week.
"It seems that the Indian side is slapping its own face," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said reacting to the development.
"The Indian side is closely following China's road building, but India's action itself has proven that the Indian side says something and does another," she added.
"Its words are complete contradictions to its deeds on the border issues," she added.
"It will not help with settlement of the current situation," Hua said referring to the Doklam crisis.
The dispute began when India stalled the construction of a Chinese road in Doklam, which lies in the tri-junction of India, China and Bhutan. Bhutan has also protested China's road building activity in its territory.
New Delhi perceives the Chinese road in Doklam a threat as the region is very close to its Siliguri corridor which connects India's northeast with rest of the country.