The Railways procures material worth more than Rs 50,000 crore annually to cater to needs for production and maintenance of rolling stocks, signalling, tracks and fuel.
Aiming at significant savings in procurement, the Railways has launched a mission for procurement and consumption efficiency.
"The mission has been launched with a goal to capture significant savings and improvement in the quality of goods and services for which it is imperative to bring our procurement practices in line with international best practices," said a senior railway ministry official.
The public transporter has identified a few high value items where significant savings can be made.
The goal is to achieve at least 10 per cent cost savings in the year 2017-18 and for this purpose, a total of 20 items have been identified including high speed diesel (HSD).
"The Railways have been striving hard to increase its revenues while at the same time reducing our expenses," he said.
The Railways procure HSD worth Rs 15,000 crore in a year as it is the highest single buyer of diesel in the country.
It intends to reevaluate and rework the consumption and need of fossil fuel to achieve a sustainable reduction.
Cost reduction is being planned for diesel, which is the single most expensive item, by way of more efficient stocking, transportation and distribution.
Long term contracting is also one of the strategies for leveraging benefits of long term commitment with oil PSUs, said the official.
Railways is also looking at the feasibility of adoption of an alternate form of diesel.
Besides, it has taken measures for enhancing vendor base, digitising procurement process and review of consumption pattern and modification in design to reduce procurement cost in high value items.
It was felt that along with looking for alternatives for the high value materials Railways procure, it may also look to revisit the consumption norms that are being followed as improved consumption would eventually mean lesser need to procure items.
To make meaningful progress in the direction, it was decided to target both consumption norms and cost reduction without compromising safety and reliability.