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Here's how institutional births in India have doubled in last 10 years

Institutional deliveries, particularly in private sector facilities, increase with mother's education and the household wealth index, data show

Angel Mohan | IndiaSpend 

Institutional Births
Photo: Reuters

The percentage of in India has doubled from 38.7% to 78.9% in the decade to 2015-16, according to the Family Health Survey (NFHS-4).

As many as 40% women who did not deliver in a in the age group of 15-49 years did not consider it “necessary”, the data show.

Source : National Family Health Survey, 2015-16 Note: Women interviewed in rural India: 29,081, urban: 5,228; Totals may add up to more than 100% as respondents may have cited more than one reason.

In urban India, 16.8% women who did not deliver in a said their husband or family did not allow them to give birth in a health facility, as did 18.2% of such women in rural India.

More women in rural areas (16.2%) cited higher costs as the reason for not delivering in a compared to urban areas (14.5%).

Distance and were also cited as reasons by more rural women (19.3%) compared to urban women (11%).

Institutional deliveries, particularly in private sector facilities, increase with mother’s education and the household wealth index, data show.

While only 61.6% mothers with no schooling delivered in a health facility, 94.7% mothers with 12 or more years of schooling delivered in a in 2015-16.

Mothers with no schooling, preferring their own home for live birth, declined from 70.4% in 2005-06 to 33.4% in 2015-16, the data show.

Over the 10-year period, the top 20% of the delivering in a has gone up from 83.7% to 95.3%. The proportion among the poor delivering in a has increased over this period from 12.7% to 59.6%.

The proportion of births occurring in a is higher for mothers under 20 years (81.4%) and 20-34 years (79.3%) than for mothers between 35-49 years (61.8%).


(Mohan is an intern with IndiaSpend.)

Reprinted with permission from IndiaSpend, a data-driven, public-interest journalism non-profit organisation

First Published: Sat, January 13 2018. 14:09 IST
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