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It is pertinent to mention here that Prime Minister Modi is spearheading the cleanliness drive in India. He officially launched Swachh Bharat Mission (Clean India Mission) on October 2, 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi.
The mission is bifurcated into sub-missions as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Gramin), under Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), under Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Through the programme, the government is aiming to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by October 2nd, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Under the urban mission, it was initially announced that by October 2019 a total of 1.04 crore individual household toilets would be constructed.
However, many states are lagging in the cleanliness drive.
For example; according to last year's Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) data, the North-East region-except Sikkim-was the worst performing region under the urban SBM, and Delhi met just 0.006 percent of its target over two years to October 2016. However, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh met mission target much ahead of time.
The Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Modi approved the release of additional 1 percent Dearness Allowance to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief to pensioners w.e.f. 01.07.2017; MoU between India and Morocco on cooperation in the field of health; MoU between India and Armenia on Cooperation in the field of Disaster Management; hiving off mobile tower assets of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited into a separate company, fully owned by BSNL, and introduction of the Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the Parliament.