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"Countries with weak malaria surveillance systems include India and Nigeria, two major contributors to the global burden of malaria, with 8 per cent and 16 per cent of cases, respectively, detected by the surveillance system," the report stated.
Nigeria, with 27 per cent, had the most number of malaria cases, followed by the Democratic Republic of Congo, which accounted for 10 per cent. Mozambique, at four per cent of global malaria cases, followed India.
India also witnessed a total of 331 malaria deaths in 2016, making it the highest number of deaths to the disease in the Southeast Asia region.
"Odisha, the highest endemic state of India, reported an increase in cases in 2016 (to double the number in 2013). The other countries had no major outbreaks reported," the report stated.
In 2016, there were an estimated 445,000 deaths from malaria in the world, compared to 446,000 estimated deaths in 2015.