The Enforcement Directive (ED), after investigating 3,700 cases of money laundering
involving tainted assets worth Rs 9,935 crore, found that the Indian economy faces a bigger threat from cheating
than it does from drugs and arms smuggling.
conducted a risk assessment exercise of these cases to show the number and type of cases booked after Narendra Modi-led demonetisation
drive. Surprisingly, 83 per cent of the cases registered by the ED
in the past one year related to financial institutions and real estate, reported The Times of India.
The study, conducted between November 2016 and September 2017, found that frauds, cheating
accounted for 74 per cent of the cases, whereas gold-related cases accounted for only 7 per cent, the English daily added.
The other categories include cases of corruption
(31 per cent), drugs and narcotics trade (6.5 per cent), arms and explosives (4.5 per cent) and others (8.5 per cent).
"The head of this demon (of black money) is the money of corruption
and illegal wealth acquired through banking frauds," the report said.
"A general review of the cases post demonetisation
show that businesses and professionals have collaborated with each other to use shell companies for converting illegal wealth into legitimate assets," the report added.
The agency had registered and was probing a total of 3,758 cases (3,567 under forex laws and 191 under the anti-money laundering
act), issued 777 show cause notices and attachment orders and has conducted 620 searches since November 8 last year to September.
The total value of assets and forex violation amount involved in these cases stands at Rs 9,935 crore with the agency attaching assets worth Rs 5,335 crore under the Prevention of Money Laundering
Act (PMLA) and issuing notices under the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) involving Rs 4,600 crore, the report said.
The agency, that enforces the PMLA and the FEMA in the country, also arrested 54 people after demonetisation
as part of these investigations.
found that the "proceeds of crime were laundered mainly through financial institutions (like banks) using shell companies and real estate".
"Even in real estate
sector, the money for investments has been coming through financial institutions using a maze of shell companies. The shell companies, therefore, are the major modus operandi through which money is laundered," it said.
The agency, according to official sources, had a number of politicians and bureaucrats under its scanner as part of these investigations.
The probe in these cases involve scrutiny of voluminous paper documents and electronic records. Some of the cases require the involvement of multiple agencies and the results would show sooner than later, they added.
The agency has also chronicled the various methods used to launder black funds like the conversion of stash funds with the help of bank officials, hiring services of professionals like chartered accountants, investment in gold, bullion and jewellery and advance remittances against imports.
had conducted country-wide searches against shell firms
early this year and sources said more action against their beneficiaries and operatives would take place in the coming days.
"Most of these firms have dummy directors. They sign balance sheets and other documents on the instructions of the operators (called entry operators). Many such firms are either registered at fictitious addresses or at one-room locations," the report added.