The finance ministry is assessing the fiscal cost of reducing corporation tax
from the current 30 per cent in Budget
2018-19, as promised by the government
three years ago.
Any such move will be contingent upon the goods and service tax
(GST) proceeds this year and projections for next year, say officials.
In the 2015-16 Budget, Jaitley had promised a reduction in corporation tax
rate from 30 per cent to 25 per cent in four years.
According to internal finance ministry calculations, any reduction to 25 per cent would result in a hit of Rs 70,000-80,000 crore to the exchequer. This is about 13 per cent per cent of the current year’s corporation tax
collection of Budget
Estimates (BE) of Rs 5.3 lakh crore.
Even a three percentage point reduction to 27 per cent will cost the government
about Rs 40,000-50,000 crore. That is something senior policymakers in North Block can ill-afford, given a fiscal deficit target of 3.2 per cent of gross domestic product in 2017-18, and expectations of a three per cent target in 2018-19.
Towards a road map to reduce corporation tax
to 25 per cent, the government
laid down a timeframe to simultaneously phase out exemptions given to the corporate sector to reduce the tax
rate, simplify administration, and improve India’s competitive edge globally.
There were corporate tax
cuts only for small businesses announced in the 2016-17 and 2017-18 Budgets.
Sources said that 2018-19 being the last full Budget
before general elections in 2019, the finance ministry is assessing the hit that the exchequer will take if it cuts the tax
rate for the bigger companies as well.
“More than 80 per cent of the revenue in corporation tax
comes from large firms. Therefore, any reduction in corporation tax
for large firms will be a big hit as the exemptions are yet to phase out,” said a second government
official. He said the matter is being examined.
had promised in 2015-16 that corporation tax
will be reduced. However, any decision will depend upon what our projections for the GST
are, this year and the next, as we have a tight fiscal space,” said the source.
While the corporation tax
rate for big companies is 30 per cent, the effective rate of taxation is close to 23 per cent on account of a large number of exemptions. The revenue foregone in 2016-17 on account of tax
deductions stood at Rs 83,492 crore.
As the government
takes stock of its fiscal situation, there are a number of other concerns on the revenue side.
The revenue projections from the GST
remain unclear. It stood at the lowest level in four months at Rs 83,000 crore in October. The refunds on account of input tax
credit and integrated GST
for exporters will place further stress on collections, going ahead.
Any fiscal slippage this year could lead to a deviation from the road map for the next year as well.
There could be a tax
revenue shortfall of Rs 20,000 crore due to revision in the GST
rates announced for over 200 items in November, Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Modi
had said in the last GST
Council meeting in Guwahati. However, central government
officials maintain that was Sushil Modi’s views and any shortfall could be offset by greater compliance and increase in demand. They say clarity on the matter will emerge later.
Also, on the direct taxes front, and as reported by Business Standard
, the Central Board of Direct Taxes has pitched for lowering of direct tax
targets by Rs 20,000 crore, compared to the BE due to slowdown in economic growth.
On the non-tax
revenue front, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has paid the Centre
a surplus this year of Rs 30,600 crore. The Centre
says it was expecting around Rs 43,000 crore. There is no certainty that the RBI
will cough up the surplus amount. Spectrum proceeds may also fall short of the target.
The only silver lining remains disinvestment.
The ambitious target of Rs 72,500 crore could be exceeded by as much as Rs 20,000 crore, Business Standard
had reported earlier this week.