The move by the government is seen as part of its effort to crack down on shell companies.
Experts say the limited number of layers will ensure that a company does not use shell structures to launder money and evade taxes. Indian companies will have to restructure themselves to fall in line with this amendment.
“The existing companies having more than two layers shall only require to report the same within three months from the date of enforcement of the rules. However, such companies cannot have any additional layer of subsidiaries
over and above the layers existing on the date of enforcement,” said Sumit Naib, associate director, Nangia and Co.
Experts say even for unlisted companies, there could be heavy cost involved in shifting all the assets to the holding company as transferring is time-consuming. There could be third-party rights and obligations that may lead to hurdles in complying with these changes in structuring of companies. There could also be a loss of capital gains
for these companies, say experts.
While this might pinch India Inc in the short term, it will be beneficial for everyone, including banks, as they will also be able to track loans etc, say experts.
Regulators have been finding it difficult to track down illicit transactions with no limit on the number of subsidiaries.
With fewer subsidiaries, it will improve the government's ability to track down such transactions.
Currently, a cap on layered subsidiaries
an investment company can have is already in place. The cap will now be exempt for non-banking finance companies (NBFCs), banks and state-run firms. These rules will not be applicable to foreign firms and acquisition of overseas companies.
Tracking shell firms
The government decision to bring down the number of subsidiaries in a company to two layers is likely to see corporate India going for restructuring
The corporate affairs ministry’s notification is aimed at identifying and tracking shell companies
Regulators have been finding it difficult to track down illicit transactions with no limit on the number of subsidiaries