As Anand Mahindra unveiled his new defence company’s latest product —- the Mine Protected Vehicle for India (MPVI) —- the lights, music and camouflage-clad female models could only briefly obscure the most glaring truth at the ongoing Defexpo 2010 here: that India’s private sector, even after investing thousands of crores in defence technology, infrastructure and corporate structures, is still waiting for Ministry of Defence (MoD) orders.
The new MPVI, like Mahindra Defence Systems’ Rakshak, Marksman and Axe vehicles before it, was developed with the pro-active strategy of creating and stimulating MoD demand. So far, those orders have failed to materialise. MDS’ order book mainly features the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) and state governments buying protection for their police forces.
Ironically, the Mahindra Group’s breakthrough in defence could come from guns, not vehicles. Parked alongside the MPVI, and dominating the display hall, are two 155mm guns that could shape the future of MDS. One is the modernised version of the well-known FH-77B Bofors gun; the other is the M777 ultralight howitzer (ULH). India is considering buying hundreds of these guns for several billion dollars.
The Bofors gun will be leaving for the next phase of long-running Indian Army trials in Leh at the end of the Defexpo; army sources say it has been the leading contender so far. Meanwhile, New Delhi has approached Washington for buying the M777 ULH, which is manufactured in America.
Anand Mahindra is betting big on BAE Systems, his foreign partner, winning these contracts. In an audacious move, he has increased his stakes in the defence business, rather than reducing his exposure. A joint venture —- called Defence Land Systems India or DLSI —- has been formed with MDS holding 74 per cent of the Rs 100-crore JV, and BAE Systems 26 per cent. The government turned down a request for BAE Systems to be allowed to hold 49 per cent.
Speaking to Business Standard, Mahindra noted that the MoHA’s and state governments’ orders of protected vehicles had kept MDS in the black, even in the absence of MoD orders. The Faridabad plant that built those vehicles, now transferred to DLSI, would keep rolling. And, as soon as the gun contract is won, DLSI would set up a new factory to build 55 per cent of the gun system in India.
Mahindra believes that, “The negative perception against the Bofors gun no longer exists; the gun never committed any crime. And, after the gun’s performance in the Kargil conflict, the country and the MoD are ready to buy it. We have already created a business model to be prepared for that moment and will build the facilities that are needed for manufacturing the gun in India.”
Haryana Chief Minister B S Hooda is believed to have suggested that the Mahindras set up the new gun factory in Haryana, near Rohtak.
Anand Mahindra says BAE Systems is genuinely committed to transferring to DLSI the crucial technologies needed to build the gun in India, though BAE had, in the past, expressed concern about holding just 26 per cent of the equity. “There is no option for BAE Systems; this is a business necessity for them. The price sensitivity of buyers today requires them to cut costs and we have displayed our competence in high-tech manufacture while building automobiles.”
A riskier challenge ahead for the Mahindra group is its ambitious venture into developing and manufacturing the Future Infantry Combat Vehicle (FICV) for the Indian Army. The MoD will choose between the Tatas, L&T, MDS and the public sector Ordnance Factory Board. Mahindra believes its strong automotive heritage and the foray into manufacturing protected vehicles, such as the MPVI, equips it to develop a quality product.
It is not yet clear whether MDS would partner BAE Systems, the world’s largest ground systems company, in developing the FICV.
In the immediate future, the MPVI will compete for orders with similar vehicles developed by several other domestic manufacturers, including Ashok Leyland and the Tata Group. The MoD procured a significant part of its requirement of almost 400 MPVs from the public sector Ordnance Factory, Medak.
The Axe and the Rakshak —- two of the vehicles that MDS has developed for security forces —- are currently competing for a big Rs 350-crore army order for some 950 vehicles.
Asks them to achieve the budgeted target in the remaining weeks of the current fiscal
Jaitley, however, cautioned things may go from bad to worse if the country gave a fractured mandate in the ensuing general elections