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India, China & SA should agree to emission cuts: Annan

On the issue of countries taking binding commitments and concluding the new climate agreement by 2015

BS Reporter  |  New Delhi 

Kofi Annan
Kofi Annan

Nobel laureate and former United Nations secretary-general urged such as India, and South Africa to significantly reduce He asked developed countries to be equally responsible in run-up to the 2015 Climate Conference.

“Everybody has a responsibility. The fact that countries like India, and (South) Africa are having increasing emissions does not mean developed countries will not take cuts. But that does not also mean that India, and Africa will not take responsibility. There are certain differentiations in the matter that need to be considered,” Annan, chairman of Foundation, said here on Thursday during the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit organised by The Energy and Resources Institute.

On the issue of countries taking binding commitments and concluding the new climate agreement by 2015, Annan said nations cannot afford to ignore environment issues in their national policies. It is up to every individual to take collective action and make a difference with the help of governments around the world, he said while addressing a press conference.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in 1992 and has since been ratified by 195 Parties. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997 to implement the and entered into force in 2005.

It laid down targets for the reduction or limitation of only in developed countries and transition economies. In 2007, the member countries initiated work aimed at drawing up a post-2012 climate agreement, applicable to all emitters of greenhouse gases. In 2011, the Parties affirmed their will to conclude this new climate agreement in 2015, with entry into force planned for 2020.

According to RK Pachauri, director general, TERI the problem of climate change is not happening due to large-scale emissions by and It is happening, he said, due to a concentration of greenhouse gases that was accumulated over a span of 150 years.

“The concentration of greenhouse gases has happened due to a small group of countries. However, it will be a mistake if emulates what others have done. Then it will be disastrous,” said Pachauri.

First Published: Fri, February 07 2014. 00:32 IST