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Jaitley misses opportunity for deeper subsidy reforms

Pins hopes on Aadhaar-based targeted subsidies, price hikes in diesel and urea

BS Reporter  |  New Delhi 

Arun Jaitley, Narendra Modi

The represents a missed opportunity for the government to tighten the regime crucial for expenditure control and fiscal consolidation. Finance Minister presented a less optimistic scenario pegging overall outgo at Rs 2,55,707 crore, roughly the same level as the revised estimate (RE) for 2013-14.

Major subsidies, which account for 96 per cent of the total outgo, are in fact seen rising marginally to Rs 2,46,397 crore this year from Rs 2,45,451 crore (RE) for last year. Of these, the food is seen jumping 25 per cent to Rs 1,15,000 crore, primarily on the implementation of Food Security Act provisions. At the same time, petroleum is budgeted to decline 26 per cent to Rs 63,426 crore in the current fiscal against Rs 85,480 crore last year.


The has pinned its hopes on a “two-pronged strategy”, borrowed directly from the United Progressive Alliance government’s administration, to cut subsidies. These include targeting subsidies through Aadhaar-linked Direct Benefits Transfer and raising diesel prices by 50 paisa every month since January this year. The decline in petroleum is due to the lower requirement of compensation by the oil marketing companies (OMCs) on sale of petroleum products.

The government will continue with the policy of calibrated increases in diesel prices, leaving the rest on hopes that international crude oil price will not offer major shocks as a result of the turmoil in Iraq and Syria. “It is expected that the gap between administered price and market price of diesel would be eliminated by early FY2014-15. Thereafter, both petrol and diesel would be deregulated and linked to market prices,” the Budget’s Medium Term Fiscal Policy Statement said.

The government controls the retail selling price of diesel, kerosene and domestic cooking gas to insulate consumers from the full impact of high international crude prices. This results in the incidence of under-recoveries to the which are then partly compensated by the government. The provides for Rs 59,836.95 crore for this purpose.

This Budget’s petroleum also includes Rs 3,590 crore for freight for far-flung areas and supply of natural gas to the north-eastern region.

The only new intervention on reform in the was the decision to set up an Expenditure Management Commission for expenditure reform that will submit its initial report later this year.

The also prescribed pricing reforms in the urea sector, with an immediate price correction of this liberally used fertiliser, as an “urgently required” measure. In the long-term, the government will ensure increased domestic production to cut costly imports of fertilisers and stabilise prices. The government is reported to be considering raising urea prices by 10 per cent, the first major price increase in four years, in a step that could impact food prices.

Overall, total subsidies stood at 2.2 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2013-14 and are budgeted to be at 1.9 per cent of GDP in the current fiscal. “Going forward, it is expected with policy reforms and better targeting, the expenditure on major subsidies will come down to 1.8 per cent of GDP in 2015-16 and 1.6 per cent in 2016-17,” the said. As a percentage of total non-Plan spending, the expenditure on subsidies is seen dropping marginally from over 22 per cent in revised estimate of 2013-14 to 21 per cent this year.

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