ALSO READUpending the dollar hegemony Oil prices steady near 2-year highs as market tightens amid Opec cuts Oil markets cautious as Middle East tensions rises, US drilling increase Oil hits $63 a bbl, highest since 2015 on output tightening by Saudi Arabia Oil prices dip 5% as Opec's production cuts fall short of expectations
Oil was largely steady on Monday, trapped between a bullish push from tension in the Middle East and downward pressure from the evidence of rising US production, although record fund bets on a rally kept the price in sight of two-year highs.
Traders said crude prices were generally well supported as output cuts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and Russia have contributed to a significant reduction in excess supplies that have dogged markets since 2014.
The excess of industrialised countries' oil stockpiles over their five-year average "has fallen by more than 50 per cent in 2017, with inventories currently at around 160 million barrels", consultancy Timera Energy said.
"If current trends continue, inventories are likely to return to the five-year average at some stage in 2018," it said, adding that strong demand had also helped reduce the glut.
Hedge funds increased their holdings of Brent crude futures and options in the latest week, pushing their bet on a sustained rally in the oil price to the highest on record. [O/ICE]
Money managers now hold a net long position in Brent futures and options equivalent to nearly 544 million barrels of oil.
"Overall, there are a few reasons for confidence - compliance from OPEC - and it seems likely they'll extend the cut," Jasper Lawler, a market strategist with London Capital Group, said.
On the supply side, tensions in the Middle East raised the prospect of disruptions, traders said, adding it was unclear whether a strong earthquake that hit Iran and Iraq on Sunday had affected the region's oil production.
Bahrain said over the weekend that an explosion that caused a fire at its main oil pipeline on Friday was caused by sabotage, linking the attack to Iran, which denied any role.
The rise in WTI futures towards $60 last week brought an increase in US drilling. US producers added nine oil rigs in the week to November 10, the biggest jump since June, raising the count to 738, energy services firm Baker Hughes said on Friday.
The rig count is also much higher than a year ago, when only 452 rigs were active, indicating that the US oil industry is comfortable operating at current prices.