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RBI policy review: Amid global market storm, all eyes on inflation forecast

But more analysts now believe tightening looms down the road after surging oil and food prices led India's consumer inflation to a 17-month high in December


RBI, Reserve Bank of India
A woman walks past the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) head office in Mumbai | Photo: Reuters

The Reserve Bank of India, meeting amid a global market storm, is widely expected to keep its key rate on hold on Wednesday, but toughen its rhetoric as has accelerated sharply, making an increasing number of analysts see a hike this year.

A Reuters poll showed 58 of 60 economists expect the repo rate INREPO=ECI to be kept at 6.00 per cent, the lowest since November 2010, and the reverse repo rate INRREP=ECI at 5.75 per cent. The other two predicted a 25 basis points hike.

But more analysts now believe tightening looms down the road after surging oil and food prices led India’s consumer to a 17-month high of 5.21 per cent in December - well above the RBI’s 4 per cent target.

is expected to accelerate after the government’s budget last week widened its target for the fiscal year starting in April to help finance a sharp increase in spending in the rural areas and on healthcare.

Bond investors are already pricing in rate hikes, with benchmark 10-year bond yields IN10YT=RR rising over 80 basis points since July, the biggest move since the 2013 rupee crisis.

The Reuters poll showed 14 out of 35 analysts believe the RBI will hike rates by the end of 2018, up from 7 out of 27 in December.


But questions remain about how soon the RBI can tighten, given the economy is expected to grow only 6.7 per cent in the current fiscal year - the slowest pace in about three years.

The RBI’s policy stance is currently “neutral”.

“New risks are emerging post-budget, so it will have to sound hawkish – but not overly so,” BNP Paribas told clients on Tuesday, adding it expects two 25-bps rate hikes in 2018’s second half.

The RBI has held the repo at 6.0 per cent since a 25 bps cut in August, having taken advantage of a period of extraordinary low to cut rates by 200 bps since early 2015.

For sure, a rate hike in 2018 is far from certain, as the RBI has to be careful not to slow an economy that needs rapid growth to create jobs. The RBI will also be mindful of the global economy, in case of a sharp downturn that impacts India.

Although any move to raise rates could make yields more attractive overseas, it could also undermine confidence in India’s economy, adding more uncertainty to monetary policy.

First Published: Wed, February 07 2018. 06:57 IST