The RBI has proposed to the finance ministry reducing the minimum lock-in debt investment periods for foreign institutional investors as a way to boost inflows and help protect a weakening rupee, a senior official said on Tuesday.
The Reserve Bank of India has also proposed recasting the investment limits within the country's existing debt categories, an official with direct knowledge of the proposals told Reuters, given more than a third of foreign investment limits across all Indian debt categories are unutilised.
He declined to be identified because the proposals have not been publicised. The finance ministry would make the final decision on these suggestions.
The two proposals are intended to boost foreign inflows into debt markets, without raising the overall debt amounts held by foreign investors.
They are part of the RBI's suggestions to increase foreign inflows into the country and help support a rupee that has recently dropped to record lows against the dollar.
Shortening the lock-in periods could make Indian debt holdings more attractive for foreign investors, especially at a time when global risk aversion is making some wary of long-term bets.
For example, some types of infrastructure bonds currently have a 3-year lock in period, which analysts had said reduces the appeal of these investments.
Furthermore, by recasting the debt limits within categories, the RBI could increase limits for bonds that are attracting more demand from foreign investors, such as government debt or corporate debt with no lock-ins.
The RBI could then reduce limits that are proving less popular. At the moment, despite a $17 billion cap for corporate infrastructure bonds with three year lock-in periods, this category has seen virtually no demand from foreign investors.
India allows foreign investors to buy up to $20 billion in general corporate debt, $25 billion in infrastructure debt, and $15 billion in broader government debt.