Of these, 200 cases involved the Delhi
Development Authority alone. Surprisingly, the Supreme Court
has invalidated acquisition in 94.6 per cent of these cases, as shown in chart 1.
study shows that appeals to the apex court on land acquisition
under various laws have surged in the first part of this decade. As shown in chart 2, 258 appeals were filed between 2010 and 2015. By comparison, between 2000 and 2009, 254 cases were filed. The largest number of appeals filed were during 1990 to 1999.
Six states — Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Tamil Nadu
— account for 73 per cent of all litigation before the Supreme Court
over the last 60 years, as shown in chart 3.
Compared to the speed with which the Supreme Court
has decided on cases under the LARR, the average time taken between the initiation of land acquisition
proceedings and the Supreme Court
judgment is around 20 years, as seen in chart 4.
Over two-thirds of these cases, as shown in chart 5, involved parties who contested the calculation and payment of the market value for the land, whether in terms of the principle on which such calculation was made, or the manner in which it was paid, or both. The legitimacy of these appeals can be seen from the fact that in 86.5 per cent of these cases courts increased the compensation awarded by the government (chart 6).