The new corporate debt recast (CDR) norms issued by the Reserve Bank last week will have a massive impact on the profitability of state-run banks to the tune of 18%, says a report by Standard Chartered Securities.
However, the report says, the impact on private sector banks will be minimal, up to 2% in profit terms.
"If the new CDR guidelines are followed, net profit of state-run banks will likely decline by 6 to 18%. But for private banks, it will be much lower at 0.2 to 2%," the report by Mahrukh Adajania & Rounak Agarwal said today.
It noted that new provisioning norms for CDR loans are still substantially lower than the existing NPL provisioning.
State-run banks together had a CDR book of Rs 1,17,100 crore as of FY12, according to the report. In FY12 alone, they added Rs 62,800 crore in restructured assets.
The new provisions, under which banks will have to provide additional 3% in the first year and 5% in the second year, will see this increasing by Rs 3,500 crore.
SBI will have to make Rs 930 crore additional provisioning at 3% incremental coverage, which will bring down EPS growth (FY12) to 34% from 42%.
As of March 12, SBI had a restructured loan book of Rs 31,160 crore with the FY12 CDR book totalling Rs 8,400 crore.
The second biggest victim will be Punjab National Bank, whose provisioning will rise by Rs 690 crore, but its EPS impact will be minus 1%, from 10%. The Delhi-based lender had a CDR loan book of Rs 23,060 crore as of FY12, it added Rs 1,481 crore in FY12 alone.
The worst impact on EPS will be at Oriental Bank of Commerce, which will see EPS erosion at 46% (minus) post-implementation, from existing minus 35%, the report said.
The second-biggest impact on EPS will be at Canara Bank which will witness erosion to -28% per cent, which currently is also down at -24%, says the report, adding its provisions will rise Rs 240 crore.
Bank of Baroda, the third-largest PSB, will see its EPS coming to 2% (from 10%) and its provision will rise Rs 510 crore. In FY12 its CDR stood at Rs 885 crore and the cumulative restructured book at Rs 17,140 crore.
The city-based Bank of India will see its EPS eroding at minus 8% from the current 3% (positive), and will also see its provisions rise by Rs 430 crore. In FY12 it added Rs 913 crore in CDR loans taking its overall CDR book to Rs 14,370 crore.
Another city-based lender, Union Bank, will see its EPS plunging to -22% from -14% now, and CDR book will rise to Rs 240 crore. In FY12, it added Rs 623 crore in fresh CDR taking CDR outstanding to Rs 799 crore.
Among the private sector lenders, ICICI Bank will add Rs 130 crore in CDR under the new provision, and see its EPS whittling down to 22% from 24%. As of FY12, the largest private sector lender added Rs 374 crore in CDR, taking its restructured asset book to Rs 426 crore.
Axis Bank will have to set aside Rs 110 crore in provisions, pulling down its EPS to 22% from Rs 24%. It added Rs 133 crore in CDR last fiscal with the cumulative recast loan touching Rs 383 crore.
HDFC Bank will have minimal impact on provision, which will rise to Rs 20 crore and will not have any impact on EPS which will continue at 30%. Its total CDR book stood at Rs 78 crore.
The Reserve Bank last week issued new CDR guidelines following the recommendations of its working group seeking tighter loan recast norms, which include higher contribution from promoters to ensure their full commitment, personal guarantee from the promoter which cannot be replaced with a corporate guarantee, higher provisioning by banks on restructured loans, reducing viability tenors and changes to the recompense clause.
The new guidelines proposes 5% provision on restructured loans up from the current 2-5% in a phased manner over two years.