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What is Bipolar Disorder - Causes and Symptoms?

Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness is characterized by extreme swings in mood, energy and activity levels and more.

Anurag Khare 

is one of the most difficult to diagnose that is faced by individuals. Although not very common but still is quite lethal, in fact it was included in the list of 10 most disabling diseases according to the World Organization. Time and again confused with simple depression it is fairly difficult to diagnose Often it takes around 5 to 7 years from the time of the outbreak to the disorder getting diagnosed and the individual receiving medical help. has a real significant negative impact on social, professional and family life. Unfortunately the disorder brings with it suicidal thoughts and tendencies and the difficulty and delay in diagnosis of the disorder further complicates the situation.

What is
Bipolar Disorder, also known as is characterized by extreme swings in mood, energy and activity levels and more. The episodes of depressiveness and ecstasy may lead a patient to believe that he has been cured during episodes of ecstasy, thus resistance to treatment is also fairly common in cases. Other times often leads to other associated disorders such as alcoholism, drug addiction, panic disorders, medical conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease and more. In the period of mood swings may last for days, weeks, months and even years and are mostly alternate between depressive and ecstasy. is more prevalent in young adults and adolescents. There are primarily four types of bipolar disorders namely Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and other non-specified Bipolar and Related Disorders.

Risks, Symptoms and Causes
Early diagnosis of is essential as the treatment of the same differs from that of simple depression. History of in the family can up the risk of the disorder in an individual. Associated disorders such as personality disorders and addictions may also play a part and up the risk. or is usually a long-term disease, which often begins in the adolescent or young adult and lasts a good part of life. Both time-duration and intensity of episodes vary. There are variations in symptoms for different types of bipolar disorders and they most often also don’t follow a strict pattern of say depressive bouts and periods of euphoria. But some common symptoms and risks associated especially with are that it is mostly found in young adults, is often associated with associated psychotic symptoms and suicidal thoughts, hypersomnia, slowing down of thoughts and movements are some of the other common symptoms. What exactly causes or is still unknown. But researchers believe that the cause of is a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Also there may or may not be a trigger such as chronic stress or a trauma or an incident that may trigger the disorder.

is mostly treated through medication and various therapies. Medications that will be prescribed will mostly be antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and Sometime may also have a negative impact and worsen symptoms so one should be very careful about medication. has also been found to be effective in some severe cases. Often therapies such as and Family-focused therapy are recommended to provide support, knowledge and guidance to both the patients and their families. Some natural and herbal supplements are also being promoted as beneficial but their benefits and effects still remain unproven.

First Published: Tue, December 12 2017. 16:24 IST