China on Friday published a white paper on its Arctic policy, pledging cooperative governance and elaborating its vision for a "Polar Silk Road" extending President Xi Jinping's signature Belt and Road Initiative that India opposes.
The document, titled China's Arctic Policy by the State Council Information Office, said Beijing would encourage enterprises to build infrastructure and conduct commercial trial voyages, paving the way for Arctic shipping routes that would form the "Polar Silk Road".
It said, "great importance will be placed on navigation security".
"The country has actively conducted studies on these routes and continuously strengthened hydrographic surveys to improve navigation, security and logistics in the Arctic".
The paper stressed that China has "shared interests" with Arctic nations. "While pursuing its own interests, China will pay due regard to the interests of other countries and the broader international community."
It said that China will also regulate and manage Arctic-related affairs and activities within its jurisdiction in accordance with the law.
It said China also eyes development of oil, gas, mineral resources and other non-fossil energies, fishing and tourism in the region, jointly with Arctic states, while "respecting the tradition and culture of Arctic residents", including indigenous peoples, and conserving the natural environment.
The white paper promised more on scientific research and environmental protection in the Arctic.
Kong Xuanyou, Vice Foreign Minister, said that China's participation in the development of the Arctic was a "contribution that would bring about development opportunities and social benefits".
"It is completely unnecessary to doubt our intentions about the plundering of resources or destruction of the environment," Kong said.
The land territories in the Arctic covered an area of about 8 million square kilometres, whose sovereignty belongs to Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the US.
The plan reflects Xi's desire for China to take on a more prominent global leadership role.