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Hurricane Harvey hits US oil hub with massive winds, torrential rain

The storm is striking a region that has cluster of refineries that process 5 mn barrels of oil a day

Brian K Sullivan & Mark Chediak | Bloomberg 

Hurricane Harvey
A trailer home sits on its side after Hurricane Harvey ripped through in Rockport, Texas.

Harvey became the strongest hurricane to hit Texas in more than 50 years, making landfall in the heart of the energy sector and bringing the danger of a life-threatening storm surge.
 
Harvey came ashore as a Category 4 storm between Port Aransas and Port O’Connor, Texas, packing gusts strong enough to strip the roof of houses and menacing Houston, the country’s fourth-largest city, the National Hurricane Centre said in an advisory at 10 pm local time Friday. By 3 am, winds had slowed and the storm had been downgraded to Category 2 after earlier making a second landfall on the northeastern shore of Copano Bay.

Along with powerful winds, Harvey’s forecast to dump as much as 40 inches of rain on the region and cause substantial flooding, raising the potential of lengthy power outages, damaged refineries and blocked shipments of oil and agricultural products.
 
“Storm surges and 100-mile per hour plus winds will result in widespread coastal devastation near and northeast of landfall,” said Todd Crawford, chief meteorologist at The Weather Company in Andover, Massachusetts. “Amongst all the impacts from wind damage and storm surge, the freshwater inland flooding may end up being the biggest story of all.”

Harvey was moving northwest about 6 miles per hour, and is expected to slow as it meanders over southeastern Texas. The maximum sustained wind speed dropped to 110 miles (175 km) per hour from 130 miles per hour at first landfall, and additional weakening is forecast over the next two days, the NHC said.

The storm is striking a region that has a cluster of refineries that process 5 million barrels of oil a day. By Friday, about 1 million barrels a day of crude and condensate refining capacity in Texas had been shut down by companies including Valero Energy, according to company statements, government releases and people familiar with the situation.

About 22 per cent of Gulf of Mexico oil production had also been shuttered, along with the port of Corpus Christi, which ships the largest amount of crude overseas.
 
In addition to its economic impacts, Harvey prompted thousands of residents along the Texas coast to flee their homes and caused Governor Greg Abbott to declare an emergency. It was the first Category 4 storm to hit Texas since 1961 and the first to hit the since 2004. Katrina, the most costly hurricane in history, came ashore as a Category 3 storm in 2005.
 
Harvey formed more than a week ago east of Barbados then meandered through the Caribbean Sea before falling apart last weekend. The storm reformed in the Gulf of Mexico after crossing the Yucatan Peninsula this week.
 
It is forecast to stall northwest of Corpus Christi, soaking the region in rains likely to result in widespread flooding. It’ll probably meander between Corpus Christi and San Antonio through Sunday before drifting east toward the Gulf of Mexico.

If the storm does significant damage to the refineries in the region, or causes the Colonial pipeline to go offline, the effects could ripple to other parts of the country that rely heavily on the Gulf Coast for fuel supplies. Gasoline futures settled at a three-week high Friday as the storm approached.

BLOOMBERG

First Published: Sat, August 26 2017. 23:30 IST
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