US stocks fell on Monday for the second straight session and the third in the last four trading days, led lower by basic materials shares after China trimmed its growth target for 2012.
The S&P 500 index opened lower and data showing the US services sector expanded in February at its fastest pace in a year did little to stem the decline.
The benchmark S&P 500 is up 8.5% so far this year on investor expectations for a recovery in the US economy, a containment of the euro zone's debt crisis and the belief that China will avoid a hard landing in its current economic cycle.
China, the world's second-largest economy, lowered its 2012 growth target to an eight-year low of 7.5% and made expanding consumer demand its top priority, as Beijing looks to shrink the economy's reliance on external spending and foreign capital.
"That spooked everybody this morning. It started over in Asia, flowed right to Europe and flowed right over here," said Ken Polcari, managing director at ICAP Equities in New York.
"The fact is they are guiding a little bit lower to control their inflation. It is not necessarily the end of the world, but it gave people a reason to take some money off the table."
Materials shares, sensitive to signs of slowing in China's commodity-hungry economy, dropped and were the biggest drag on Wall Street. The S&P materials sector index fell 1.6%, with Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc off 3.8% at $40.45.
The Dow Jones industrial average shed 14.76 points, or 0.11%, to 12,962.81 at the close. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index dipped 5.30 points, or 0.39%, to 1,364.33. The Nasdaq Composite Index lost 25.71 points, or 0.86%, to close at 2,950.48.
During the session, the S&P 500 briefly dipped below its 14-day moving average - a line it has held for the last 50 sessions in an impressive run.
The Nasdaq registered the biggest decline among the three major US stock indexes as Apple Inc dropped as much as 3.5% to a session low at $526 on heavy volume. By the close, Apple had retraced some of that loss, down 2.2% at $533.16. The company is expected to debut its new iPad this week.
"There is talk about iPad sales slowing down and all that ... it's done nothing but go straight up with no correction at all. So any whiff of the slightest miss or negative news is going to take money right out of it, and that's what you saw today," Polcari said.
The S&P technology sector index lost 1%.
Further weighing on investor sentiment in the early portion of trading, Greece warned it was ready to enforce losses on its private-sector creditors, although major Greek bondholders later voiced their support for the deal.
The continued uncertainty around the Greek deal along with data showing a slowdown in business activity in various euro-zone countries heightened recession worries for the region and pushed European equities lower.
Alpha Natural Resources shares dropped 6% to $16.35 and Arch Coal slid 5.4% to $12.20 as lower natural gas prices added to growth concern in China, pressuring coal miners' stocks.
US steelmakers' shares were also hit by the news China was lowering its economic growth outlook.
AK Steel stock fell 6.1% to $7.29, US Steel dropped 4.7% to $$26.21 and Nucor slipped 2.4% to $42.52.
"It's all about China," said analyst Charles Bradford of Bradford Research in New York, who noted that last year China had expected 7% growth and it actually came in at 9.8%.
"The fear is that if China's domestic market is not doing so well, it will have surplus steel to export," he said.
Volume was light with about 6.08 billion shares traded on the New York Stock Exchange, NYSE Amex and Nasdaq, below the daily average of 6.9 billion.
Declining stocks outnumbered advancing ones on the NYSE by a ratio of 3 to 2, while on the Nasdaq, nearly seven stocks fell for every six that rose.