The visiting dignitary later left for Taj Krishna, a five-star hotel in Banjara Hills, where he will stay over next two days.
Rouhani will will address a meeting of 'ulema' or religious scholars of various sects, academicians and other eminent people Thursday evening.
On Friday, he will offer prayers at the historic Makkah Masjid and later address the congregation.
He is also scheduled to visit Salarjung Museum, famous for the world's largest one man collection of artefacts.
Rouhani is also likely to visit Qutub Shahi Tombs, the mausoleums of Qutub Shahi rulers, who had Iranian lineage.
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