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NASA sending autonomous helicopter to Mars with 2020 rover

IANS  |  Washington 

has confirmed it is sending an autonomous helicopter to Red Planet that will travel with the mission, currently scheduled to launch in July 2020.

The small, lightweight Helicopter will demonstrate the viability and potential of heavier-than-air vehicles on the Red Planet.

"The idea of a helicopter flying the skies of another planet is thrilling. The Helicopter holds much promise for our future science, discovery, and exploration missions to Mars," said in a statement on Friday.

Started in August 2013 as a at (JPL), the Mars Helicopter weighs at 1.8 kgs.

Its fuselage is about the size of a softball, and its twin, counter-rotating blades will bite into the thin Martian atmosphere at almost 3,000 rpm -- about 10 times the rate of a helicopter on Earth.

"It's fitting that the US is the first nation in history to fly the first heavier-than-air craft on another world," said (Texas).

The chopper will attempt controlled flight in Mars' thin atmosphere.

The helicopter has built-in capabilities needed for operation at Mars, including solar cells to charge its lithium-ion batteries, and a heating mechanism to keep it warm through the cold Martian nights.

"Exploring the Red Planet with NASA's Mars Helicopter exemplifies a successful marriage of science and and is a unique opportunity to advance Mars exploration for the future," said Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate for

The altitude record for a helicopter flying on Earth is about 40,000 feet.

"The atmosphere of Mars is only one per cent that of Earth, so when our helicopter is on the Martian surface, it's already at the Earth equivalent of 100,000 feet up," said Mimi Aung, at JPL.

"To make it fly at that low atmospheric density, we had to scrutinize everything, make it as light as possible while being as strong and as powerful as it can possibly be," Aung added.

Once the is on the planet's surface, a suitable location will be found to deploy the helicopter down from the vehicle and place it onto the ground.

The then will be driven away from the helicopter to a safe distance from which it will relay commands.

After its batteries are charged and a myriad of tests are performed, controllers on Earth will command the Mars Helicopter to take its first autonomous flight into history.

"We don't have a pilot and Earth will be several light minutes away, so there is no way to joystick this mission in real time," said Aung.

The full 30-day flight test campaign will include up to five flights of incrementally farther flight distances, up to a few hundred meters, and longer durations as long as 90 seconds, over a period.

On its first flight, the helicopter will make a short vertical climb to 10 feet, where it will hover for about 30 seconds.

Mars 2020 will launch on a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket from 41 at in Florida, and is expected to reach Mars in February 2021.

The rover will conduct geological assessments of its landing site on Mars, determine the habitability of the environment, search for signs of ancient Martian life, and assess natural resources and hazards for future human explorers.

--IANS

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(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Sat, May 12 2018. 10:04 IST
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