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Prenatal hypertension can affect foetus growth, warn experts (Today is World Hypertension Day)

IANS  |  New Delhi 

-- a high-condition during gestation -- can potentially restrict the growth of the foetus and affect outcomes, say city-based health experts.

usually gets triggered around 20 weeks of and can be potentially life-threatening. :It can lead to or stillbirths as well as early neonatal deaths.

High or hypertension, which kills eight million people every year worldwide, is one of the most important causes of premature death worldwide and the problem is growing.

"is known to affect arteries, which provide blood to placenta. This restricts growth of foetus," Sanjay Mittal, Cardiologist, Hospital, Ghaziabad, said in a statement.

Although the exact number of women who develop preeclampsia is not known, some estimates suggest that preeclampsia affects two to eight per cent of all pregnancies globally and accounts for 10 to 15 per cent of maternal deaths worldwide, according to the US National Institutes of Health (NIH).

While it may develop without any symptoms, rising along with severe headaches, changes in vision, and vomiting, liver- or kidney-related problems, and most importantly high protein levels in urine, could be key indicators.

Preeclampsia can also lead to another major complication called -- a life-threatening condition that occurs in about 10 to 20 per cent of all women with

The causes problems with blood, liver, and blood pressure and can damage organs or trigger a and lead to cardiovascular of both the mother and baby.

"The unfortunate part is that there is no known strategy to prevent preeclampsia. With the extent of potential damage that can be caused by the disorder, the most important preventive measure is to control in women before and around pregnancy," Mittal said.

According to the (WHO), over a billion people worldwide suffer from and it is predicted to increase by 60 per cent to 1.56 billion in 2025.

It is also a leading risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and

"is not just a which affects the heart and kidneys, it has a negative effect on brain, kidneys, lungs, eyes, bone density and nerves," said Mukesh Goel, Senior (Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Surgery) at Indraprastha Apollo

"From brain to blood vessels, it causes strokes, aneurysms, like and Alzheimer's disease, irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmia), glomerulosclerosis, and many more diseases," he added.

While physical activity, including regular exercises, yoga, aerobics, and swimming only helps to improve overall health and makes the body fitter, "to deal with the alarming state of hypertension, one must ensure regular blood pressure check-ups, especially after the age of 40, intake of low sodium diet, avoidance of smoking and alcohol consumption," explained Anil Prasad Bhatt, Senior (Nephrology and Kidney Transplant),

Patients must avoid alteration or self-medication once is controlled, regularly use anti-hypertensive drugs and follow up with the

"Try to follow DASH diet plan (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) which ensures that the patient gets required quantity of all essential nutrients. Reduce stress, do and make sure that your is under control," Bhatt added.

--IANS

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(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Thu, May 17 2018. 19:38 IST
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