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Can Cong breach urban BJP stronghold of 'diamond city' Surat?

Press Trust of India  |  Ahmedabad 

Surat -- Gujarat's diamond city and the epicenter of the Patidar quota movement -- is set for a tough Assembly poll battle as the has added the face of the Patidar agitation Hardik Patel to its arsenal this time.

Amid issues like implementation of the Goods and Services (GST) and demonetisation, apart from the 'Patidar' factor, it is to be seen for whom the large trading community of this diamond and textile hub will vote, when the city goes to polls in the first phase on Saturday.


Though is the largest city of Gujarat, Surat is a favoured destination of political heavyweights in this poll season.

Vice President visited the city twice last month to understand the plight of those who were "hit by and note ban".

During his visit, Gandhi also addressed a huge rally in the city's Patidar strongholds - Varachha and Katargam.

On December 3, quota agitation leader Hardik Patel led a mega road show in Varachha. Chief Minister Vijay Rupani led the BJP's road show in Majura area the same day.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi last month addressed a rally at Kadodara, located on the city's outskirts.

The is hoping to snatch some seats from the this time by capitalising on the 'anger' factor of Patidars and the traders.

On the other side, the is confident of retaining its bastion, as its leaders claim the 'ground reality' is different from what the is projecting.

Out of the total 12 constituencies in Surat city, all held by the BJP, nearly half of the seats - Varachha Road, Kamrej, Katargam, Karanj, Olpad and Udhna - have a concentrated population of Patidars, who mostly migrated here from Saurashtra.

The remaining six seats are - Surat-East, Surat-North, Surat-West, Choryasi, Limbayat and Majura.

To some extent, Surat-North and Majura seats also have a significant population of Patidars, who are into various businesses, including diamond cutting, polishing, trading and in different trades associated with textiles.

The city has been a bastion of the since long.

But, the political scenario in this bustling business hub seems to have changed after Hardik Patel started the agitation to get reservation for his community two years back.

At that time, Surat witnessed large scale violence and arson, mostly in Varachha and adjoining areas.

Out of the two sedition cases lodged against Hardik, one was registered in Surat. Since then, the Hardik-led agitating body - Patidar Anamat Andolan Samiti (PAAS) - is up in arms against the ruling and has vowed to defeat it.

Notably, president Amit Shah had to cut short his speech at a function in Varachha area in September when some PAAS agitators created chaos by shouting slogans and throwing chairs.

Now, in an apparent bid to thwart the anti-incumbency factor following the Patidar 'anger', the has dropped six of its sitting MLAs - from Kamrej, Surat-East, Surat-North, Karanj, Udhna and Katargam seats.

These leaders include sitting MLA of Katargam, Nanu Vanani, who is a minister in the Rupani government.

Out of the nearly 1.98 lakh voters of Varachha Road seat, the Patidars are in the driving seat with their number being over 1.5 lakh.

In Kamrej, where the total electorate is about 4.28 lakh, the Patidars alone account for over two lakh.

In Katargam, having around 2.77 voters, the Patidars are in a dominating position with over 1.18 lakh electorate.

Besides the 'angry' Patidars and traders, there are various other factors which could breach the hull of BJP's ship in this coastal city.

Since a large population, mostly Patels, of this city belongs to Saurashtra region, the agrarian crisis back home could also add fuel into their 'anger' here, Surat city president Hasmukh Desai said.

"Many decades back, Patels and other communities from Saurashtra region started settling here. Since they still own agricultural land back home, they are holding the government responsible for their dwindling farm income. It is possible that their anger could reflect in the voting here," Desai said.

Apart from Patidars, the is also banking on small traders and entrepreneurs whose businesses were claimed to have been hit by and the implementation of by the BJP-led government at the Centre.

In July, the textile traders of Surat city called a massive strike against the

The was quick to take up the issue and party vice president held two back-to-back visits last month.

"On one side we are getting full support from the Patidars, while on the other the trading community and the shopkeepers, who are spread across the city, are seeing a ray of hope in after Gandhi's visit. All the factors are in our favour," Desai claimed.

However, the discarded the argument, claiming that the ground reality is totally different.

"Though traders were unhappy initially, they now understand the benefits of This so-called anger will never convert into votes. If the people were still against us, then why so many had turned up for the chief minister's rally?" BJP's sitting MLA from Majura, Harsh Sanghvi, asked.

Meanwhile, the PAAS members have already hit the streets in the Patidar-dominated areas to convince people not to vote for the

According to PAAS convener for Surat, Dharmik Malavia, they have set a target of defeating the on at least five seats - Varachha Road, Karanj, Kamrej, Olpad and Surat-North.

"When we tell people do not vote for the BJP, it implies that vote for if you want to uproot the party which committed atrocities on us," Malavia said.

"The people are in our support and the candidates are finding it difficult to even enter into the Patidar societies for canvassing," he claimed.

The 182-member Assembly will go to the polls in two phases -- on December 9 and 14 -- and the counting of votes will be taken up on December 18.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Thu, December 07 2017. 15:30 IST
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