Officials said the rate of arrivals was "historic", with Albanians forming the biggest group of applicants despite their country being considered safe by France.
"It confirms that France is one of the countries receiving the most asylum claims in Europe," Pascal Brice, head of France's refugee protection agency OFPRA, told AFP.
"It's a historic level," he added, though he noted the numbers are just half of those seen in neighbouring Germany last year.
But they have also promised a much tougher line on economic migrants that would see an increased number of deportations and tighter controls on people arriving.
"The goal now is to improve the conditions of repatriation, whether voluntary or forced," he added.
In his New Year's message, Macron had warned that France "cannot welcome everyone" although he pledged an immigration policy that walked the line between "humanity and efficiency".
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