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Hookah behind half of tobacco smoking in young: study

Press Trust of India  |  Washington 

accounts for over half of the smoke consumed by young adult smokers in the US, a study has found.

Toxicant exposures - such as tar, carbon monoxide and nicotine - were lower, yet substantial, for those young adults who smoked just using a hookah, compared to those who smoked both hookahs and cigarettes, researchers said.

In the US, waterpipe or rates are increasing and cigarette rates are decreasing, especially among young adults, according to the study published in the journal Tobacco Control.

"Most smokers in the US are not daily users, whereas many cigarette smokers smoke multiple times a day, so it may seem that the vast majority of public and policy-related interventions should be directed at cigarette smoking," said from the of Medicine in the US.

"What our research shows is that hookah contributes significantly to the burden of tobacco smoke-related toxicants inhaled by our young people.

"Therefore, public and policy efforts should explicitly address hookah smoking in addition to cigarette smoking," said Primack.

The researchers analysed data from 3,254 adults aged 18 to 30 who were randomly selected in March 2013 to complete a questionnaire about their tobacco use.

The participants were 63 per cent female, 17.5 per cent Hispanic and 10.1 per cent black.

The study combined self-reported frequency and quantity of tobacco consumption information with estimates from previous studies of the toxicants associated with cigarette and waterpipe tobacco smoking.

In the 30 days before completing the survey, about 1 in 20 participants reported hookah smoking, and about 3 per cent reported smoking both cigarettes and hookah.

Cigarette smoking was reported by 23.4 per cent of participants, with most of them smoking close to every day of the previous 30 days.

Whereas smoking one cigarette involves about 10 to 12 puffs, each containing a volume of 50 millilitres of smoke, one 45- to 60-minute hookah session can involve 100 inhalations of about 500 millilitres each.

This is why smoke loads can be so large for hookah users, even if they use infrequently, researchers said.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Thu, May 17 2018. 14:30 IST
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