The Punjab government today decided to hive off mining and geology from its Department of Industries and Commerce and set it up as a separate unit, stating the need to ensure sustainable development of the sector. The decision, in line with the system followed by various other states, was taken by the state cabinet at a meeting chaired by Chief Minister Amarinder Singh here today, according to an official statement. The move will entail no additional monetary burden for the state since the cadre of the new department, which will have 598 employees, will be drawn from the Department of Water Resources, an official spokesperson said after the cabinet meeting. The cabinet noted that with the expansion of mining activities, there were growing environmental, administrative and legal as well as marketing and financial challenges, which required special focus on mining activities. This had become even more important with the introduction of the progressive bidding regime, which had led to the mining sector emerging as a significant contributor to the states revenues. The cabinet further noted that since most of the mining activities are carried out in the river beds, the Department of Water Resources, with its professional manpower and technical prowess, is better suited to provide the necessary wherewithal to the new Department of Mining. The cabinet accepted the suggestion of the meeting held under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary on February 2 that mining be separated from industrial activities. It agreed that the Industries and Commerce Department is seriously constrained in overseeing the mining segment in view of the limited manpower allocated to mining activities and also its growing focus on industrial promotion and business development, as per the state government's thrust under the new industrial policy. Increasing demand for sand and gravel as construction material had led to rapid growth in sand mining activities, triggering various problems, which the Department of Industries and Commerce was no longer equipped to handle, the cabinet felt. The February 2 meeting, attended by representatives of the Department of Industries and Commerce, the Department of Water Resources and the Department of General Administration, had discussed issues related to the establishment of the new department, in terms of structure, staff and space requirement, IT systems and project management consultancy. The meeting had discussed the widespread expansion of mining activities in the state in recent times, necessitating increased resources for surveys, preparation of mining plans, managing auction process and post auction management, besides enforcement of the contracts. At present, as per Rules of Allocation of Business of Government of Punjab, the subject of Mining is allocated to the Department of Industries and Commerce, which administers the Petroleum Act, 1934, the Mines Act, 1952 and the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957, besides implementing the Petroleum Rules, 1937, the Petroleum Concession Rules, 1949 and the Mineral Concession Rules, 1964.
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