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US medical device maker charged of 'chocolate' bribery

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These so-called 'chocolates' came in form of cash, laptops computers, televisions, and appliances, and were given by Texas-based medical device firm Orthofix International to the government officials in Mexico, found a probe by the US market regulator SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission).

The company has agreed to pay USD 5.2 million to settle the charges, and USD 2.22 million of monetary penalty as part of a deferred prosecution agreement.

The SEC's investigation team, which included an Indian- origin officer Alka N Patel, found that Orthofix's Mexican subsidiary Promeca SA de CV bribed officials at Mexico's government-owned health care and social services institution, the regulator said in a statement late last night.

Orthofix violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) when its "subsidiary paid routine bribes referred to as 'chocolates' to Mexican officials in order to obtain lucrative sales contracts with government hospitals, SEC said.

"The 'chocolates' came in the form of cash, laptop computers, televisions, and appliances that were provided directly to Mexican government officials or indirectly through front companies that the officials owned.

"The bribery scheme lasted for several years and yielded nearly USD 5 million in illegal profits for the Orthofix subsidiary," the regulator said.

"Once bribery has been likened to a box of chocolates, you know a corruptive culture has permeated your business.

"Orthofix's lax oversight allowed its subsidiary to illicitly spend more than USD 300,000 to sweeten the deals with Mexican officials," SEC Enforcement Division's Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Unit Chief Kara Novaco Brockmeyer said.

As per SEC, the bribes began in 2003 and continued until 2010. Initially, Promeca falsely recorded the bribes as cash advances and falsified its invoices to support the expenditures. Later, when the bribes got much larger, Promeca falsely recorded them as promotional and training costs.

Because of the bribery scheme, Promeca

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