By Sudarshan Varadhan
NEW DELHI (Reuters) - State-run thermal power plants in India's coastal states have again begun buying overseas coal due to domestic coal shortages, government and utility officials said, in a setback for the country's long-term plans to eliminate imports.
Andhra Pradesh, a state on India's east coast, has imported 200,000 tonnes of coal so far this year and could import as much as 1 million tonnes in 2018, said Ajay Jain, a senior official in the state energy department.
"Coal has been a real problem. If we had depended only on coal, it would have been a disaster," Jain said.
Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corp, a government utility in the southwestern India state, has imported about 1.4 million tonnes of coal this year, after going a year without imports starting at the end of 2016, according to Vikram Kapoor, the chairman of the utility.
Domestic logistic bottlenecks, regulatory changes and surging power demand will likely increase 2018 thermal coal imports after two years of declines, Reuters reported in February.
Imports rose over 15 percent in the first quarter of 2018.
State-run utilities could add up to 5 million tonnes to India's coal imports in 2018 because of the Coal India shortages, a senior executive from Adani Enterprises, India's biggest coal trader told Reuters in February.
India imported 144.5 million tonnes of coal in 2017, according to data provided by American Fuels & Natural Resources, a Dubai-based coal trader.
Maharashtra, a western coastal state, has floated a tender for procuring 1 million tonnes of coal to augment its existing stock and meet growing power demand, a senior official at Maharashtra State Power Generation Co, the state utility, said on Tuesday.
Gujarat, Maharashtra's northwestern neighbour, plans to ramp up imports by 400,000 tonnes this year, according to a senior state government official.
Two of Karnataka's three major thermal power plants had almost run out of coal stockpiles, according to government data on May 14.
($1 = 68.0800 Indian rupees)
(Reporting by Sudarshan Varadhan; Editing by Sanjeev Miglani and Christian Schmollinger)
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)