You are here: Home » Reuters » News
Business Standard

RBI clamps down on credit guarantees as PNB fraud swells

Reuters  |  MUMBAI 

By and Devidutta Tripathy

MUMBAI (Reuters) - The of on Tuesday barred all lenders from issuing letters of undertaking - a form of credit guarantee at the heart of a major fraud - as embattled disclosed its total exposure in the case had risen by another $145 million.

In what has been dubbed the biggest fraud in India's history, Punjab National (PNB), the country's second-biggest state-run bank, said last month it had been defrauded of about $2 billion.

The has accused two - one controlled by diamond tycoon and the other by his uncle, - of colluding with to secure credit from overseas branches of Indian banks using fraudulently issued guarantees largely in the form of letters of undertaking.

Both Modi and Choksi have denied any wrongdoing. Police say they left in January, before the initial complaint was filed, and their whereabouts are unknown.

In a notice posted on its website, the RBI said banks would have to stop issuing letters of undertaking and letters of comfort, with immediate effect. It said banks could continue issuing credit guarantees in the forms of letters of credits and bank guarantees, however, if certain parameters were met.

The instruments are all forms of often used by importers to fund their overseas purchases.

Bankers said letters of credit involved more paperwork and the due diligence was more stringent than letters of undertaking. Officials with direct knowledge also said letters of credit have more international acceptability, while letters of undertaking were mostly used between Indian banks.

BIGGER HIT

In a court filing on Tuesday, police said PNB had filed a new complaint alleging it had been defrauded of an additional 9.42 billion rupees ($145 million) by the of jewellery companies, taking the total amount allegedly defrauded by Choksi's group to 70.8 billion rupees ($1.09 billion).

Tuesday's disclosure takes PNB's overall exposure in the still unravelling fraud case to well over the $2 billion mark.

PNB said the additional amount did not involve any fraudulent letters of undertaking, but was sanctioned credit to that it was recalling and adding to the total amount defrauded.

A said he was unaware of the new allegations and declined to comment.

Law enforcement agencies had previously attributed 61.38 billion rupees of the alleged fraud amount to Gitanjali, and nearly 65 billion rupees to companies controlled by Modi.

PNB has also alleged Modi's companies cheated the bank of a further 3.22 billion rupees, which it said was not used for the purposes for which the loans were given.

PNB did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

WHO FOOTS THE BILL?

The alleged fraud has shaken India's sector, leading to a government and central on lenders' systems and practices.

told Parliament on Tuesday a total 1,213 fraudulent letters of undertaking were issued to Nirav Modi's companies between March 2011 and May 2017.

Banks also continue to debate who should assume liabilities from the fraud, with several lenders that have either lent to the based on the fraudulent PNB guarantees, or bought the so-called letters of undertaking from the secondary market, wanting PNB to compensate them.

PNB has said it will honour only "bona fide" commitments, arguing other banks that lent to the groups shared in the blame by not carrying out adequate checks.

daily, citing unnamed sources, reported earlier on Tuesday that PNB would honour claims by peer banks that issued credit to the jewellers, but with a few caveats.

sources, however, said such an agreement was not yet a done deal.

"We are talking. But then we have not come to a conclusion," said a senior banker, who did not want to be named, adding that PNB had not yet provided concrete assurances of repayment.

Another said that, although they were hopeful of arriving at an "amicable solution" on who takes the liability, but added it would likely need intervention by and the government.

Banks would need to make provisions for any potential losses from fraud when they report results for the March quarter, said the

shares rose on Tuesday after an easing in allayed fears of a central in the near term, with the sector index gaining 2.3 percent.

(Reporting by and Devidutta Tripathy; Writing by Devidutta Tripathy; Additional reporting by and in Bengaluru and Suvashree Choudhury in Mumbai; Editing by and Alex Richardson)

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Tue, March 13 2018. 21:16 IST
RECOMMENDED FOR YOU