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According to the survey, 71 per cent of Chinese say they use the internet at least occasionally or own a smartphone, our definition of internet users. In contrast, only 21 per cent of Indians say they use the internet or own a smartphone.
Sixty-eight per cent respondents in China said they own a smartphone, as compared with 18 per cent in India as of spring 2016.
While virtually every Chinese person surveyed owns at least a basic mobile phone (98 per cent), only 72 per cent of Indians can say the same, it said.
"Nearly four-in-ten Indians with a secondary education or more (38 per cent) own a smartphone, compared with only nine percent of less educated Indians. The gap holds for Chinese and Indians above and below their respective countries' median incomes," it said.
The report also reflected a rural-urban gap on smartphone ownership.
"More urban Chinese (72 per cent) own a smartphone compared with rural Chinese (63 per cent), and the same goes for urban Indians (29 per cent) compared with rural Indians (13 per cent)," it said.
"In India, there is a gender gap in smartphone ownership. Indian men (23 per cent) are more likely than women (14 per cent) to own a smartphone," Pew said.