ALSO READ14th Finance Commission has taken away the oil cushion to some extent: Arvind Subramanian Budget 2015: Jaitley delays fiscal consolidation road map Happy compromise to face fiscal challenge: Ashok Lahiri 14th Finance Commission: Recommendations Entire architecture of Centre-state financial relationship redefined: Arun Jaitley
The Union Budget has introduced several measures to stimulate investments but it fails in terms of fiscal consolidation, said C Rangarajan, former Chairman of Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister and former governor of Reserve Bank of India.
Speaking on the sidelines of the Madras Management Association (MMA) event, Rangarajan said the Budget has laid emphasis on increasing social spends and creating a social safety net, but the failure to abide by the earlier fiscal deficit target is a wrong signal.
Shifting the roadmap related to fiscal consolidation will not inspire confidence, he added.
The Finance Minister kept his commitment to keep the fiscal deficit at 4.1% of the GDP for the current year. But for 2015-16, the fiscal deficit target has been raised to 3.9% in the Budget from the earlier 3.6%. Revenue deficit will continue to remain high, but will go down marginally to 2.8% of GDP from 2.9%.
While Finance Minister Arun Jaitley cited the 14th Finance Commission recommendations for reduced fiscal space and revised fiscal deficit targets, Rangarajan said Jaitley's argument doesn't hold ground.
He argued that while the Commission has advocated more tax to states at 42% instead of earlier 32%, the flow of resources from the Centre to the state through other channels has been cut.Read our full coverage on Union Budget
"Let me not underestimate the importance of the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission. As far as the states are concerned, when the money comes through tax devolution it is an unrestricted one. The money goes into the state and the state decides how to spend it. But if comes through centrally sponsored schemes it means the states will have to implement the schemes. Therefore, the recommendation of the 14th Finance Commission to raise the devolution is an appropriate one” he said.
He said the total transfer of resources has not changed much despite the recommendations. "On an average in the last three years it has been 64%, perhaps it is now 65 or 66%. After the first year of every Finance Commission’s recommendation, the transfer goes up a little bit. I don’t think the argument that fiscal space has reduced is right and hence the cause for raising fiscal deficit target doesn't hold ground," he said.
He also raised questions on if the revised fiscal deficit target of 3.9% will be adhered to and if the revenue projections are credible.
"The tax revenue is expected to grow by 15.8% in 2015-16 and during this period GDP is expected to grow by 11.5%. The tax buoyancy is 1.37%. Will this be possible?" he said.
In 2014-15, GDP grew by 11.5%, but the revenue grew by 9.9%, so there is a question mark on whether the revenue projections will hold or not, argued Rangarajan.
Ofcourse there are few things have done in terms of tax measures, including service tax increase and 2% surcharge on the super rich, he said, adding, “These would garner some money, but there is a big jump between 9.9% and 15.8% that we are thinking in the range of growth. I personally think that he should have stuck to the old roadmap.”