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Jaitley relies more on states to boost India's farm production

A big chunk of agriculture ministry's annual allocation is spend on its flagship programme, the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

BS Reporter  |  New Delhi 

The finance minister has cut the total central support to by 14.3 per cent in 2015-16 over the 2014-15 revised estimates, hoping states will fill the deficit through their own resources.

This would also ensure states’ involvement in framing programmes and schemes for agricultural development is in tune with their needs.
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Compared to the 2014-15 Estimate (BE), the allocation for 2015-16 is Rs 5,648 crore less.

A big chunk of the ministry’s annual allocation is spent on its flagship Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, whose allocation for 2015-16 has been slashed by almost half to Rs 4,500 crore as against the 2014-15 revised estimate (RE) of Rs 8,444 crore. The rest will be contributed by the states, as the scheme from April 1 onwards will form part of those programmes whose funds will be shared between Centre and states.

The National Food Security Mission, another major programme under which the government planned to raise output of pulses, oilseeds, wheat and rice by 2015, has been lowered by Rs 530 crore in 2015-16 as against the RE of 2014-15. The allocation is also Rs 630 crore less than the BE for 2014-15.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s pet Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchaee Yojana, however, saw a huge jump from the RE of Rs 30 crore to almost Rs 1,800 crore in the 2015-16 BE. Another Rs 3,500 crore has been allocated for other irrigation projects.

“The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchaee Yojana is aimed at irrigating the field of every farmer and improving water-use efficiency.  I am allocating Rs 5,300 crore to support micro irrigation, watershed development and the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchaee Yojana. I urge the states to chip in substantially in this vital sector,” said while presenting the

The minister also announced a new programme to boost organic farming, to be called the ‘Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana,’ with an initial allocation of Rs 300 crore. He also increased the farm credit target for 2015-16 to Rs 8.5 lakh-crore, up from Rs 8 lakh-crore in the 2014-15 BE.

“Farm credit underpins the efforts of our hard-working farmers.  I have, therefore, set up an ambitious target, which, I am sure, the banks will surpass,” the minister said.

He also allocated Rs 25,000 crore in 2015-16 to the corpus of the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) with Nabard; Rs 15,000 crore for the Long Term Rural Credit Fund; Rs 45,000 crore for Short Term Cooperative Rural Credit Refinance Fund; and Rs 15,000 crore for the Short Term Regional Rural Banks Refinance Fund.

“The funds are meant to support the sector, with the help of effective and hassle-free credit, with a special focus on small and marginal farmers,” said.

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