Tata Communications Ltd (formerly Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd) is a part of the $29 billion Tata Group, unites the industry and market expertise of VSNL. A leading provider of a new world of communications was incorporated in the year of 1986 as Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited. It's a Fortune 1000 and mid-size enterprises. The Tata Communications work with the fields of transmission, IP, converged voice, mobility, managed network connectivity, hosted data center, communications solutions and business transformation services to global and Indian enterprises & service providers as well as, broadband and content services to Indian consumers. The company has benchmarked in Intelsat Business Service in the year 1992, a dedicated satellite-based service that provides high speed, high quality data circuits on a point-to-point basis through earth stations strategically located near the customer's premises and also has entered the era of mobile communications by commissioning its own Land Earth Station (LES) at Arvi near Pune. During the period 1993, introduced Inmarsat-C service, which permits transmission of messages via small portable terminals and a video conferencing service (both domestic and international) through studios located at the company's international gateways at Mumbai, New Delhi, Calcutta and Chennai. In 1994, the company had a co-operation with British Telecom, UK and launched the Concert Packet Service (CPS) for Indian customers. The company started providing Internet access services in August of the year 1995, provided access to the Internet in Mumbai, Chennai, New Delhi, Calcutta, Bangalore and Pune and also a dominant commercial provider of access to the Internet in India. The company sets up two Standard `A' Intelsat earth stations, one at Halisahar (Calcutta) and second at Korattur (Chennai).In 1996, the company has signed a Construction and Maintenance Agreement for the Fibre Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG). In 1996, the Tata Tele Services (TTSL) was established to spearhead the group foray into the telecom sector. Tata Communications has introduced the `Universal Connect' services jointly with TMI (Tele Media International) a wholly owned subsidiary of Telecommunications Italia. The company introduced managed data network services in January 1997, and offers such services through the global alliance networks of six global partners BT, Cable & Wireless, EQUANT, Global One, IBM Global Services and Tele Media International and sets up its own facilities for a Direct-to-Home (DTH) television service platform for Indian satellite television channels also has suspended new dial-up connections. A memorandum of understanding was signed with Electronic Corporation of Goa (ECG) for providing allied services in satellite communication through an earth station at the Verna software Technology Park, South Goa. The company has joined several other Asian telecom companies in legally challenging the right of US telecom regulator, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to unilaterally determine the rates for telecom access to the United States. VSNL and ICO Global Communications signed a final agreement for establishing an ICO Satellite Access Node (SAN) at Chattarpur, New Delhi. During the year 1998, the company signed a MOU for access to capacity in Project Oxygen, a high-speed fibre optic cable network and also signed an MOU for participation in the South Africa and Far-East (SAFE) undersea optical fibre system. The company and Microsoft have together sets up a Microsoft download server in India (http://www.vsnl.net.in/msdownload). The server, the first of such mirror sites in India. The company and DoT entered into a licence agreement on 25th January of 1999 under which the company was granted a licence to provide Internet access service in six cities on a non-exclusive basis. During the year 2000, the company acquired a controlling stake in VSNL. Tata Indicom, the umbrella brand for Tata Telecom Service starts operations. VSNL, formerly a government-owned company, was privatised and became a Tata Group company in February 2002. In April of the year 2003, VSNL joined hands with Tata Tele services, Tata Internet Services and Tata Net to form the Tata Indicom Enterprise Business Unit. This unit provides specialised sales and marketing coverage to the top 400-500 Indian corporate accounts, offering integrated voice and data solutions under the Tata Indicom brand through a single interface. In June of the same year, VSNL Lanka Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary set up by VSNL in Sri Lanka, received an External Gateway Operator (EGO) licence, since Sri Lanka Telecom's monopoly has ended. During the year 2004, VSNL International, the international arm of VSNL was launched and the company signed a wholesale carriage agreement with BSNL to share infrastructure and carry BSNL's inbound and outbound traffic. During the year 2004-05, VSNL also set up two points of presence (PoPs) in the US and one in the UK. VSNL has signed interconnect agreements/arrangements with all domestic cellular service providers and private basic operators for direct termination and pick up of International Long Distance (ILD) traffic. VSNL acquired Tyeo Global Network in 2005 and becomes one of the world's largest providers of submarine cable bandwidth. In 2006, VSNL acquired Teleglobe, growing its global reach, operational strengths and deep carrier relationships; VSNL re-brands SNO as Neotel in South Africa. On June 2007 the company and Ascade, the global market-leader of Interconnect Solutions, announced a partnership to provide Calling Line Identification (CLI) delivery assurances to Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) worldwide. In January 28th 2008, the name VSNL was changed to Tata Communications Limited and VSNL, VSNL International and Teleglobe unite as 'Tata Communications'. In February 2008, the expansion of company's Global VPN service to China through an NNI (Network to Network Interface) agreement was made with China Enterprise Netcom Corporation Limited. As on March 2008, Tata Communications and BitGravity, Inc., the pioneer in Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) for interactive broadcasting made a strategic partnership and launched its global TelePresence network service, which has achieved Cisco Certified TelePresence Connection status. In April 2008, another one expansion of its Global VPN service to Egypt was made through a partnership agreement with TE Data S.A.E., a subsidiary of Telecom Egypt S.A.E and the company was presented with two awards at the 2008 Nemertes Pilot House Awards, the 'Emerging Carrier' categories, was awarded Best Technology Innovation: Customer Experience and MPLS Services. Same in April 2008, the company, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Cisco jointly announced a mutual collaboration to set up Telepresence rooms at four CII offices in India. As on May 2008, the company made a partnering with Premiere Global Services for communication technologies-based business process improvement solutions and to jointly market business solutions. As in same month and same year, the VSNL Lanka Limited has been renamed as Tata Communications Lanka Limited, following the global launch of Tata Communications as the new corporate identity for VSNL. In May 12, 2008, Tata Communications and Sonus Networks, Inc, a market leader in IP communications infrastructure unveiled plans for the strategic expansion of Tata Communications' global voice network. The expansions of Tata Communications' global voice network and all areas represents further execution of the Company's mission to expand its global reach and ability to deliver IP-leveraged communications solutions to businesses and deliver a new world of communications to consumers worldwide.