Tata Motors Ltd is India's largest automobile company. The company is the leader in commercial vehicles in each segment, and among the top three in passenger vehicles with winning products in the compact, midsize car and utility vehicle segments. They are the world's fourth largest truck manufacturer, and the world's second largest bus manufacturer.
The company is engaged in the development, designing, manufacturing, assembling and sale of vehicles, including financing thereof, as well as sale of related parts and accessories. They manufacture commercial vehicle, three passenger vehicle, truck and bus. They have a portfolio of automotive products, ranging from sub-1 ton to 49 ton gross vehicle weight (GVW), trucks (including pickup trucks) and from small, medium, and large buses and coaches to passenger cars, including the car, the Tata Nano.
The company's segments include automotive, and others, which include information technology (IT) services, construction equipment manufacturing, machine tools and factory automation solutions, high-precision tooling and plastic and electronic components for certain applications, and investment business.
The company's passenger cars include the Indica, the Indica Vista, the Indigo and the Indigo Marina. Jaguar produces four car lines: XK, XF, XJ and X-Type. They manufacture a number of utility vehicles (UV), including the Sumo, and the sports utility vehicle (SUV), Tata Safari. Also, they manufacture a variety of light commercial vehicles (LCVs), including pickup trucks, trucks and buses with GVW of between 0.7 ton and 7.5 tons. This also includes the Ace, a mini-truck with a 0.7 ton payload, the Magic, a passenger variant for commercial transportation and the Winger. They also manufacture a variety of medium and heavy commercial vehicles (M&HCVs), which include trucks, buses, dumpers and multi-axled vehicles with GVW of between 9 tons to 49 tons.
The company's manufacturing plants are situated at Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Pune (Maharashtra), Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Pantnagar (Uttarakhand), Dharwad (Karnataka) and Sanand (Gujarat). Through their subsidiaries and associate companies, the company has operations in the UK, South Korea, Thailand and Spain.
Tata Motors Ltd was incorporated in the year 1945 with the name Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd for manufacturing locomotives and other engineering products. In the year 1948, the company introduced steam road roller in collaboration with Marshall Sons (UK). In the year 1954, they made collaboration with Daimler Benz AG, West Germany for manufacturing medium commercial vehicles. In the year 1959, they set up a Research and Development Centre at Jamshedpur. In the year 1961, they started to export their products and the fist truck being shipped to Sri Lanka.
In the year 1966, the company set up the Engineering Research Centre at Pune to provide impetus to automobile Research and Development. In the year 1977, they manufactured first commercial vehicle in Pune. In the year 1983, they commenced manufacturing of Heavy Commercial Vehicle. In the year 1985, the company produced first hydraulic excavator in collaboration with Hitachi. In the year 1986, they produced the indigenously designed light commercial vehicle Tata 407 followed by 608. In the year 1989, they introduced third LCV model, Tatamobile 206.
In the year 1991, the company launched first indigenous passenger car, Tata Sierra and in the next year, they launched Tata Estate. In the year 1993, the company signed a joint venture agreement with Cummins Engine Co. Inc. for the manufacture of high horsepower and emission friendly diesel engines. In the year 1994, the company launched Tata Sumo and LPT 709. During the year, the company signed a joint venture agreement with Daimler - Benz / Mercedes - Benz for manufacture of Mercedes Benz passenger cars in India. Also, they singed a joint venture agreement with Tata Holset Ltd, UK for manufacturing turbochargers to be used on Cummins engines. In the year 1995, they launched Mercedes Benz car E220 and in the next year, they launched Tata Sumo deluxe.
In the year 1997, the company launched Tata Sierra Turbo and in the next year, they launched Tata Safari and Indica in the market. In the year 2000, they launched Indica 2000 and CNG buses. In the year 2001, they launched Indica V2, CNG Indica and Tata Safari EX. In the year 2002, the company signed a product agreement with MG Rover of the UK. Also, they launched Petrol version of Indica V2, EX series in Commercial vehicles, Tata Sumo+ Series and Tata Indigo. In the year 2003, they launched Tata Safari Limited Edition CityRover, 135 PS Tata Safari EXi Petrol and Tata SFC 407 EX Turbo in the market. In July 29, 2003, the name of the company was changed from Tata Engineering Co Ltd to Tata Motors Ltd.
In the year 2004, the company acquired Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company and renamed it as Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Co. Ltd. This company launched the heavy duty truck 'NOVUS' in Korea. Also, the company launched Tata Indica V2, Tata LPT 909 EX, Sumo Victa and Indigo Marina during the year. In the year 2005, the company acquired 21% stake in Hispano Carrocera SA, Spanish bus manufacturing Company. The company launched branded buses and coaches, namely Starbus and Globus in the market. Also, they launched Tata Ace,Indigo SX series, Indica V2 Turbo Diesel, Tata TL 4X4 and Tata Novus. During the year, the company inaugurated a new factory at Jamshedpur for Novus. Also, they unveiled Tata Xover at the 75th Geneva Motor Show.
In the year 2006, the company made a joint venture with Marcopolo, Brazil for manufacturing fully built buses & coaches for India & markets abroad. They launched Indica V2 Xeta and new Indigo range. Also, they unveiled new long wheel base premium Indigo & X-over concept at Auto Expo 2006. In the year 2007, the company and Thonburi Automotive Assembly Plant Co. (Thonburi) formed a joint venture company in Thailand to manufacture, assemble and market pickup trucks. They inaugurated Tata-Fiat plant at Ranjangaon. They launched long wheel base Indigo XL, Tata Spacio, Magic, Winger, Sumo Victa Turbo DI, Indica V2 Turbo with dual airbags & ABS and Safari DICOR 2.2 VTT range.
During the year 2007-08, the company unveiled the TATA Nano, the world's least expensive car at the Auto Expo 2008 in New Delhi. Subsequently, the car was also unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show and received international acclaim. They commenced production of TATA Ace from their manufacturing facility at Uttarakhand during the year.
During the year, the company developed new products for the M&HCV passenger carrier sub-segment and displayed in the Auto Expo 2008, a 28 seater bus and an air conditioned low floor bus developed through their joint venture - Tata Marcopolo Motors Ltd. In the LCV segment, the company introduced two new products - Magic and Winger, which hold a strong potential to shape the future of commercial passenger transportation in India.
Further, the company unveiled the 1 Ton and CNG variant of Ace, Cargo Panel van, Xenon XT - a lifestyle pickup truck and Winger Executive office concept vehicle in the Auto Expo 2008. They showcased their new range of tactical and armoured vehicles for military and para-military forces in the Defence Expo 2008. These include Tata Light Specialist Vehicle, Light Armoured Troop Carrier, Tata 8x8 HMV and the armoured Tata Safari.
During the year 2007-08, the company signed an agreement with Flat Group automobiles SpA Italy and Flat India Automobiles Pvt Ltd (FIAPL) for establishment of joint venture to manufacture passenger cars engines and transmissions at Ranjangaon in India. They sold 15% stake each, in their subsidiary companies, HV Axles Ltd (HVAL) and HV Transmissions Ltd (HVTL). In March 2008, the Company introduced Tata Xenon- 1 Ton pickup truck in Thailand through its subsidiary Tata Motors (Thailand) Ltd.
In June 2, 2008, the company acquired the businesses of Jaguar and Land Rover (a part of Premier Automotive Group of Ford Motor Co.) for USD 2.3 billion. Jaguar and Land Rover are in the business of development, manufacture and sale of high end luxury cars and SUVs respectively. The acquisition includes the ownership of three major manufacturing plants, two advanced design centres in UK a worldwide sales network, Intellectual Property Rights (including perpetual royalty free licenses) and Brands and Trade marks.
During the year 2008-09, the company partially divested their stake in Tata AutoComp Systems Ltd an associate company, from 50% to 26%. Also, they sold their investment in Tata Tele Services Ltd. During the year, the company launched 28 new commercial vehicles. Among the new products launched during the year were LPT 3118 - a truck with lift axle, CNG variants of the Ace, Magic and Xenon, new range of LCV buses manufactured by Tata Marcopolo Motors and the ICV 909 bus.
The company also completed the execution of their first order of 650 low floor buses to Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC). They have also bagged a second order of 1625 similar buses from DTC to be executed in financial year 2009-10, the total order value of which is over Rs 2200 crore. In May 2009, they also unveiled the World Truck range of their next generation heavy trucks.
During the year 2009-10, the company acquired 79% shares in Hispano Carrocera, S A by way of exercise of the existing call option, through mutual agreement with the other share-holder, Investalia S. A., Spain, for a consideration of Euro 2 million (Rs 1371 lakh). Consequently, Hispano Carrocera, S A has become a 100% subsidiary of the company. Also, the company sold 20% stake in Telco Construction Equipment Company Ltd (Telcon) to Hitachi Construction Machinery Co Ltd. The company now holds 39.75% stake in Telcon.
During the year, the company launched the new heavy truck range Prima. Also, they launched the new range of buses (based on the Prima platform with bodies being made by Tata Marcopolo displayed at the Delhi Auto Expo in January 2010). In small commercial vehicles, they launched the Ace EX and Super Ace.
In June 2010, the company inaugurated the factory for the Nano mini car at Sanand, in the western state of Gujarat. The factory is having an initial capacity of producing 250,000 cars per year.
During the year 2010-11, the company launched the Aria, a premium crossover with high-end features such as 4x4, Torque on Demand, ESP, six airbags. They launched BS IV compliant variants of the Indica and the Indigo CS, the Indica eV2 and Indigo eCS with segment leading fuel efficiencies. These vehicles are powered by the Companys 1.4L CRAIL engine. The company Elan, a high end variant of the Indigo Manza sedan. They launched Venture, a Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV) on the Ace platform. The company expanded the Prima range launched during the previous year with the introduction of the Prima Construck range of tippers in the market. Also, the company launched the all new Jaguar XJ, the new 4.4 V8 diesel Range Rover and the new 2.2 diesel Land Rover.
In September 2010, the company acquired 80% stake in Trilix Srl., Turin (Italy), a design and engineering company. The company increased their shareholdingin Tata Precision Industries Pte. Ltd from 49.99% to 78.39% by subscribing to an additional 28.4% share of Tata Precision Industries Pte Ltd, Singapore on February 15, 2011. Tata Precision Industries Pte Ltd holds 100% shares of Tata Engineering Services Pte Ltd, hence Tata Engineering Services Pte Ltd also became a subsidiary.