A global air conditioning and engineering services company named Voltas Limited was incorporated in 6th September of the year 1954 under Tata group. As a Tata enterprise, the company offers engineering solutions for a wide spectrum of industries in areas such as heating, ventilation and air conditioning, refrigeration, electro-mechanical projects, textile machinery, machine tools, mining and construction equipment, materials handling, water management, building management systems, indoor air quality and chemicals, the operations have been organized into four independent business-specific clusters, such as Electro-mechanical projects & services, Engineering products & services, Unitary Cooling products for comfort and commercial use and others. The Company's all core capabilities are certified under ISO 9001: 2000 and the Voltas executed projects in over 30 countries worldwide.
For the manufacture of machine tools, the company promoted Scottish Indian Machine Tools Ltd during the year 1963 in collaboration with Scottish Machine Tool Corporation of Glasgow. During the year 1964, the company made a collaboration agreement with Eaton Yale and Towns, U.S.A., for the manufacture of Yale forklift trucks. Also in the same year, Voltas had joined the Mine Safety Appliances Co., U.S.A., and Associated Battery Makers (Eastern) Ltd., Calcutta in the promotion of Mine Safety Appliances Ltd., Calcutta, a joint venture for the manufacture of miners' electric safety cap lamps and other types of safety and protective equipment, appliances, detection and measuring devices. A new division, the Agro-Industrial Products Division was added in the year 1966. With effect from 1st July of the year 1979, Tata-Merlin & Gerin Ltd (TMG) and the National Electrical Industries Ltd (NEI) were amalgamated with the company. Voltas had entered into an agreement with May & Christe of West Germany in the year 1982 for the manufacture of dry type transformers of cast-resin design. The machine tool division of the company made an agreement with Fanuc of Japan in the year 1988 for the technical collaboration to produce CNC drilling centres.
With effect from 1st March of the year 1989, Volrho Ltd was amalgamated with the company as per the order of BIFR. The machine tools division of the company had introduced Fanuc CNC drilling centres in the period of 1990. During the year 1991, the appliances business division of the company had launched the ductable split air-conditioner, specifically needed for shops, showrooms and general office areas. Also in the same year, an agreement was signed for updating technology and for the manufacture of new models of P&H hydraulic cranes. During the year 1992, the company restructured its operations into product group I comprising refrigerators, pharmaceuticals and consumer products and beverages while product group I (A) include textile machinery. Product group II consisted of machine tools, materials handling facility, industrial machinery, air-conditioning pumps and projects. Group III comprised of chemicals plant, chemicals division and agro-industrial products. The cooling appliances business of the company had launched four new products in the year 1993 viz., water coolers filled with purifiers ductable and slim-line 3 tonne air-conditioners, ceiling mounted split in 1.5 and 3 tonne capacities and 2 tonne room split units. Also in the same year, the pharmaceutical and consumer products division was closed and had also withdrawn from the beverages business. In the year 1994, Voltas had introduced 250 L refrigerator in the market under the home appliances division.
Voltas bagged Good Corporate Citizen Award in the year 1995 and also the company had introduced `Soft Look' models of refrigerator in 165 L. & 200 L segments. Pumps and projected business division of the company had successfully developed, manufactured and commissioned the largest sizes of horizontal and vertical pumps in its range during the year of 1996. Voltas had entered into a lease rental agreement with SIPL for lease of factory premises of WNC in the year 1997 for a period of 18 months for a total consideration of Rs 10.250 million and also in the same year, the company had finalised yet another contract as original equipment manufacturer (OEM) with one of the white goods majors, LG Electronics, to manufacture and supply direct cool refrigerators. The Company had commissioned Dadra plant in the year 1998 and in end of the same year 1998, Voltas won two of the world's biggest orders in the mining sector from Coal India Ltd (CIL), such as Rs 9180 million 2 shovels (P&H) and 160 dump trucks (Unit Rig).
During the year 2000, L. G. Electronics India and Voltas had entered into a tie-up for the 12,00,000 direct-cool refrigerators from the latter for the next three years. Voltas had entered into road construction equipment during the year 2001 under the engineering products and services segments. Also in the same year of 2001, the company had re launched air conditioners under the brand name `Verdant', a premium model targeted at the retail segment. During the year 2002, Voltas made a Joint Venture agreement with Sermo Montaigu, France for perfect moulds. Entered into a distribution tie-up with the 62 million euro Italian air-conditioning major Uniflair in the year 2004, which specialises in the design, production and supply of precision air conditioning and cooling solutions for telecom and internet applications. Also in the same year, made tie-up with RBS Home Appliances Ltd for the use of 640 service centres that Voltas had across the country for after sales service. Simtools Ltd became a wholly owned subsidiary of the company from 27th August of the year 2005. The Company had launched new range of water dispensers in the saem year of 2005.
Voltas had entered into the water treatment business, had undertaken a project at Salt Lake City in Kolkata during the year 2007. The Company had launched a whole new range of Room ACs for the premium and luxury segments in March of the year 2008. Voltas had purchased 13,821,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each of Universal Comfort Products (P) (UCPL) in June of the year 2008, a 50:50 joint venture company between Voltas and Fedders International Air-conditioning (P) (FIACPL). As at August 2008, the company entered into a definitive agreement to acquire majority stake in Rohini Industrial Electricals (RIE), a Mumbai-based company engaged in undertaking large turnkey electrical and instrumentation projects for industrial and commercial sectors.