With about 1,40,000 automated teller machines (ATMs) in the country, and the number rising about 28 per cent a year, India remains one of the most under-penetrated ATM markets. This, coupled with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s move to allow third-party white-label ATMs, has made the sector attractive to India-focused private equity (PE)/venture capital (VC) funds and strategic investors.
The central bank’s plan to issue more banking licences has added to the draw of this space.
Recently, Japanese technology giant Hitachi acquired Chennai-based Prizm Payment. The five-year old Prizm, backed by Sequoia Capital, has deployed 10,000 ATMs—under management and maintenance—and about 52,400 point-of-sale (PoS) devices under management. It is learnt Sequoia’s returns have been five times its $15-20 million investment.
Last month, ICICI Venture bought minority stake in BTI Payments for $23 million. BTI Payments owns and operates more than 500 ATMs and 6,500 POS terminals for Catholic Syrian Bank, City Union Bank, Federal Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, Lakshmi Vilas Bank, Syndicate Bank, etc. Prashant Purker, executive director & co-head (private equity) at ICICI Venture, said, “Our investment in BTI Payments is based on its unique value proposition of providing a shared infrastructure platform for the banking system, which will serve to drive convenience and accessibility to current, as well as new consumers of banking services in India.”
As part of cutting increasing costs, banks are outsourcing the management of ATMs to third-party service providers. Last year, Private equity firm Actis, had invested about Rs 200 crore in AGS Transact Technologies, which runs and manages ATMs.
K Ramakrishnan, executive director and head (investment banking), Spark Capital, said, “Greater business opportunities in the payment space, following penetration of internet, acceptance of e-payments and payments through mobile phones, has brought investors’ attention into the sector. A lot of payment services firms are in dire need of cash to tap the fast-growing market and PEs are the most sought-after source for money.”
In June 2012, RBI had announced the guidelines to introduce white-label ATMs, with an aim to expand banking services in rural and semi-rural areas. These ATMs are owned and operated by non-banking financial companies and do not display any bank’s logo. India, there are only 98 ATMs for every 10,00,000 people; while China has 211, the US has about 1,400.
“Banks with less ATMs are scared their customers will be lured by other banks providing additional services through ATMs. Implementing more white-label ATMs can be a solution; consumers can use the same facilities across the country,” said a PE investor.
In the last three years, India’s ATM sector has seen PE investments worth $118 million, through nine transactions. In 2009, Financial Software & Systems, a Chennai-based electronic payments processing firm, had raised $60 million from PE firms Jacob Ballas Capital India Pvt Ltd and New Enterprise Associates Inc, offering an exit for Carlyle, which had invested $10 million.
According to reports, Financial Software & Systems is in talks with PEs to raise an additional Rs 200 crore to carry out its expansion plans. Mumbai-based Accura Infotech Pvt Ltd, which installs ATMs, is reportedly in talks with PE investors to raise Rs 125 crore by selling minority stake.