You are here: Home » Current Affairs » News
Business Standard

Google honours Romanian physicist Ștefania Mărăcineanu on her140th birthday

One of the pioneering women in the discovery and research of radioactivity, Mărăcineanu formed Romania's first laboratory for study of Radioactivity after returning from the Astronomical Observatory

Topics
Google Doodle | All India Radio | Google news

BS Web Team  |  New Delhi 

Romanian physicist ?tefania M?r?cineanu (Photo: Wikimedia commons)
Romanian physicist Ștefania Mărăcineanu (Photo: Wikimedia commons)

Romanian physicist Ștefania Mărăcineanu has been honoured on her 140th birth anniversary in the form of a on Saturday. One of the pioneering women in the discovery and research of radioactivity, Mărăcineanu formed Romania’s first laboratory for study of Radioactivity after returning from the Astronomical Observatory in Meudon.

Listed below are her major works as a physicist:

1. Mărăcineanu's work led to what is most likely the first example of artificial radioactivity. She also dedicated a major part of her life in researching on artificial rain.

2.She researched upon the link between earthquakes and rainfall, making her the first one to report that a significant increase of radioactivity in the Earth's epicentre leads to an earthquake.

3.Mărăcineanu's contribution as a physicist never attracted a global recognition, however, Academy of Sciences of Romania in 1936 recognised her work and elected her to serve as a Director of Research

4.Mărăcineanu during her research on her half-life of polonium, she realised that half-life is based on the type of metal it was placed on, which led her to think if the alpha rays from the polonium had transferred some atoms of the metal into radioactive isotopes.

5.When Marie Curie’s daughter Irène and her husband won a joint noble prize for their discovery of artificial radioactivity, Mărăcineanu asked for the recognition of her contribution in the discovery.

A graduate in physical and chemical science degree in 1910, Mărăcineanu began her career as a teacher at Central School for Girls in Bucharest. She later pursued graduate research at the Radium Institute in Paris. Mărăcineanu also began working on PhD thesis on Polonium, the element which was discovered by Marie Curie.

Dear Reader,


Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance.
We, however, have a request.

As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed.

Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard.

Digital Editor

First Published: Sat, June 18 2022. 17:55 IST
RECOMMENDED FOR YOU