Cni Research Limited
Report on the Ind AS Financial Statements Opinion
We have audited the accompanying Ind AS financial statements of CNI Research Limited("the Company") which comprise the balance sheet as at 31st March 2021 and thestatement of Profit and Loss (including other comprehensive income) statement of changesin equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended and notes to the financialstatements including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatoryinformation.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanationsgiven to us the aforesaid Ind AS financial statements give the information required by theAct in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with theaccounting principles generally accepted in India of the state of affairs of the Companyas at March 31 2021 and loss total comprehensive income changes in equity and its cashflows for the year ended on that date.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specifiedunder section 143(10) of the Companies Act 2013. Our responsibilities under thoseStandards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of theFinancial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company inaccordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants ofIndia together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of thefinancial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act 2013 and the Rules thereunder and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with theserequirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtainedis sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our unmodified opinion.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that in our professional judgment were of mostsignificance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period. These matterswere addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole and informing our opinion thereon and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.
We have determined that there are no key audit matters to communicate in our report.
The Company's management and Board of Directors is responsible for the otherinformation. The other information comprises the information included in the Company'sannual report but does not include the financial statements and our auditor's reportthereon. Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information andwe do not express any form of assurance conclusion there on.
In connection with our audit of the financial statements our responsibility is to readthe other information and in doing so consider whether the other information ismaterially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in theaudit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If based on the work we haveperformed we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information weare required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
Responsibilities of Management and those charged with governance for the Ind ASfinancial statements
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in section134(5) of the Companies Act 2013 ("the Act") with respect to the preparation ofthese Ind AS financial statements that give a true and fair view of the financialposition financial performance including other comprehensive income changes in equityand cash flows of the Company in accordance with the Indian accounting standard (Ind AS)and accounting principles generally accepted in India specified under section 133 of theAct read with the Companies (Indian
Accounting Standards) Rules 2015 as amended. This responsibility also includesmaintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Actfor safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds andother irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; makingjudgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design implementation andmaintenance of adequate internal financial controls that were operating effectively forensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records relevant to thepreparation and presentation of the Ind AS financial statement that give a true and fairview and are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the Ind AS financial statements management is responsible for assessingthe Company's ability to continue as a going concern disclosing as applicable mattersrelated to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless managementeither intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations or has no realisticalternative but to do so.
Those Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Company's financialreporting process.
Auditors' Responsibility for the Audit of the Ind AS Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the Ind AS financialstatements as a whole are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or errorand to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a highlevel of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAswill always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise fromfraud or error and are considered material if individually or in the aggregate theycould reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on thebasis of these Ind AS financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAwe exercise professional judgment andmaintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the Ind AS financialstatements whether due to fraud or error design and perform audit procedures responsiveto those risks and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide abasis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting fromfraud is higher than for one resulting from error as fraud may involve collusionforgery intentional omissions misrepresentations or the override of internal control.
Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to designaudit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i) of theCompanies Act 2013 we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether thecompany has adequate internal financial controls system in place and the operatingeffectiveness of such controls.
Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness ofaccounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis ofaccounting and based on the audit evidence obtained whether a material uncertaintyexists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company'sability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty existswe are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures inthe Ind AS financial statements or if such disclosures are inadequate to modify ouropinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of ourauditor's report. However future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease tocontinue as a going concern.
Evaluate the overall presentation structure and content of the Ind AS financialstatements including the disclosures and whether the Ind AS financial statementsrepresent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fairpresentation.
a) We communicate with those charged with governance regarding among other mattersthe planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings including anysignificant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
b) We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have compliedwith relevant ethical requirements regarding independence and to communicate with themall relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on ourindependence and where applicable related safeguards.
Report on other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
c) As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order 2016 ("theOrder") issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section (11) ofsection 143 of the Companies Act 2013 and on the basis of such checks of the books andrecords of the Company as we considered appropriate and according to the information andexplanation given to us we give in "Annexure 1" a statement on the mattersspecified in paragraphs 3 & 4 of the Order to the extent applicable.
d) As required by section 143(3) of the Act we report that:
e) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the bestof our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit.
f) In our opinion proper books of account as required by law have been kept by theCompany so far as it appears from our examination of those books.
g) The Balance Sheet the Statement of Profit and Loss including other comprehensiveincome the Cash Flow Statement and the statement of changes in equity dealt with by thisReport are in agreement with the books of account.
h) In our opinion the aforesaid Ind AS Financial Statements comply with the IndianAccounting Standards (Ind AS) prescribed under Section 133 of the Act read with relevantrules issued thereunder.
i) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 31stMarch 2021 taken on record by the Board of Directors none of the directors isdisqualified as on 31st March 2021 from being appointed as a director in terms ofSection 164(2) of the Act.
j) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls over financialreporting of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls we give ourseparate Report in "Annexure 2".
k) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report inaccordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 in our opinionand to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:
i. The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financialposition in its financial statements - Refer Note 21 to the financial statements.
ii. The Company did not have any long-term contracts including derivative contracts forwhich there were any material foreseeable losses.
iii. There were no amounts which were required to be transferred to the InvestorEducation and Protection Fund by the Company.
| ||FOR GUPTA RAJ & CO. |
| ||CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS |
| ||FIRM NO. 001687N |
|PLACE: MUMBAI ||MEMBERSHIP NO. 112353 CA NIKUL JALAN |
|DATED:19th June 2021 ||PARTNER |
|UDIN: 21112353AAAAEP8150 || |
Annexure 1 to the Independent Auditors' Report
(Referred to in paragraph 1 under 'Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements'section of our report of even
(i) In respect of its fixed assets:
(a) The company has maintained proper records showing full particulars includingquantitative details and situation of the fixed assets.
(b) The fixed assets are physically verified by the management according to a phasedprogram designed to cover all the items over a period which in our opinion is reasonablehaving regard to the size of the company and the nature of its assets. Pursuant to theprogram a portion of the fixed assets have been physically verified by the managementduring the year and no material discrepancies were noticed on such physical verification.
(c) According to the information and explanations received by us none of the immovableproperties as on the reporting date are held as Fixed Assets. Therefore in our opinionthe requirement on reporting under Clause 3 (ii) (c) is not applicable to the Company.
(ii) In respect of its inventories:
The Company is into the business of trading in shares and securities which are held indematerialized form and not in physical form. Therefore provisions of clause (ii) ofparagraph 3 of the Order are not applicable to the Company
(iii) As the Company has not granted any loans or advances in the nature of loans toparties covered in the register maintained under Section 189 of the Act the provisions ofClause 3 (iii) of the Order are not applicable to the Company.
(iv) As per the information and explanation given to us in respect of loansinvestments guarantees and securities the Company has complied with the provisions ofSection 185 and 186 of the Act.
(v) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us theCompany has not accepted any deposits from the public within the provisions of Sections 73to 76 of the Act and the rules framed there under. Therefore the provisions of clause (v)of paragraph 3 of the Order are not applicable to the Company.
(vi) As per the information and explanations given to us in respect of the class ofindustry in which the Company falls the maintenance of cost records has not beenprescribed by the Central Government under sub-section (1) of section 148 of the CompaniesAct 2013. Therefore the provisions of clause (vi) of paragraph 3 of the Order are notapplicable to the Company.
(vii) In respect of statutory dues:
(a) The company is generally regular in depositing with appropriate authoritiesundisputed statutory dues including provident fund employees' state insurance incometax duty of customs cess and any other statutory dues applicable to it with theappropriate authorities. According to the information and explanations given to us noundisputed amounts payable in respect of above dues were in arrears as at 31st March2021 for a period of more than six months from the date they became payable.
(b) According to the information and explanations given to us details of dues ofIncome Tax which have not been deposited as at 31st March 2021 on account of disputes aregiven below:
|Nature of Dues ||Forum where Dispute is pending ||Period to which the amount relates ||Amount involved (?) |
|Income Tax ||CIT (A) ||A.Y. 2013-14 ||3218720/-* |
* Some of the refunds due for subsequent years have been adjusted against the abovedemand.
(viii) According to the information and explanation given to us the Company has nottaken loan from any financial institution bank and government or has no dues to debentureholders. Therefore the provisions of clause (viii) of paragraph 3 of the Order are notapplicable to the Company.
(ix) The Company has not raised moneys by way of initial public offer or further publicoffer (including debt instrument) or term loans hence reporting under clause (ix) of theorder is not applicable to company
(x) During the course of our examination of the books and records of the Companycarried out in accordance with the generally accepted auditing practices in India andaccording to the information and explanations given to us we have neither come across anyinstance of fraud by the Company or any fraud on the Company by its officers or employeesnoticed or reported during the year nor have we been informed of any such instance by themanagement.
(xi) As per the information and explanations given to us managerial remuneration hasbeen paid / provided in accordance with the requisite approvals mandated by the provisionsof Section 197 read with Schedule V to the companies Act 2013.
(xii) In our opinion the Company is not a Nidhi Company. Therefore the provisions ofclause (xii) of paragraph 3 of the Order are not applicable to the Company.
(xiii) As per the information and explanation given to us all transactions enteredinto by the Company with the related parties are in compliance with Sections 177 and 188of Act where applicable and the details have been disclosed in the Financial Statementsetc. as required by the applicable accounting standards.
(xiv) The Company has not made any preferential allotment or private placement ofshares or fully or partly convertible debentures during the year under review. Thereforethe provisions of clause (xiv) of paragraph 3 of the Order are not applicable to theCompany
(xv) The Company has not entered into any non-cash transactions with directors orpersons connected with him. Therefore the provisions of clause (xv) of paragraph 3 of theOrder are not applicable to the Company.
(xvi) As per the information and explanation given to us the Company is not required tobe registered under Section 45 IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934.
| ||FOR GUPTA RAJ & CO. |
| ||CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS |
| ||FIRM NO. 001687N |
|PLACE: MUMBAI ||CA NIKUL JALAN |
|DATED: 19th June 2021 ||PARTNER |
|UDIN: 21112353AAAAEP8150 ||MEMBERSHIP NO.112353 |
Annexure 2 to the Independent Auditors' Report
(Referred to in paragraph 2 under 'Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements'section of our report of even date)
Report on the Internal Financial Controls under Clause (i) of Sub-section 3 of Section143 of the Companies Act 2013 ("the Act")
We have audited the internal financial controls over financial reporting of CNIResearch Limited ("the Company") as of 31st March 2021 in conjunction with ouraudit of the financial statements of the Company for the year ended on that date.
Management's Responsibility for Internal Financial Controls
The Company's management is responsible for establishing and maintaining internalfinancial controls based on the internal control over financial reporting criteriaestablished by the Company considering the essential components of internal control statedin the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal Financial Controls over Financial Reportingissued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI"). Theseresponsibilities include the design implementation and maintenance of adequate internalfinancial controls that were operating effectively for ensuring the orderly and efficientconduct of its business including adherence to company's policies the safeguarding ofits assets the prevention and detection of frauds and errors the accuracy andcompleteness of the accounting records and the timely preparation of reliable financialinformation as required under the Companies Act 2013.
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's internal financialcontrols over financial reporting based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordancewith the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting(the "Guidance Note") and the Standards on Auditing specified under section143(10) of the Act to the extent applicable to an audit of internal financial controlsboth issued by the ICAI. Those Standards and the Guidance Note require that we comply withethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance aboutwhether adequate internal financial controls over financial reporting was established andmaintained and if such controls operated effectively in all material respects.
Our audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the adequacy ofthe internal financial controls system over financial reporting and their operatingeffectiveness. Our audit of internal financial controls over financial reporting includedobtaining an understanding of internal financial controls over financial reportingassessing the risk that a material weakness exists and testing and evaluating the designand operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. The proceduresselected depend on the auditor's judgement including the assessment of the risks ofmaterial misstatement of the financial statements whether due to fraud or error.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate toprovide a basis for our audit opinion on the Company's internal financial controls systemover financial reporting.
Meaning of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting
A company's internal financial control over financial reporting is a process designedto provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and thepreparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generallyaccepted accounting principles. A company's internal financial control over financialreporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance ofrecords that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions anddispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance thattransactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements inaccordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts andexpenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorisations ofmanagement and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regardingprevention or timely detection of unauthorised acquisition use or disposition of thecompany's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Inherent Limitations of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting
Because of the inherent limitations of internal financial controls over financialreporting including the possibility of collusion or improper management override ofcontrols material misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.Also projections of any evaluation of the internal financial controls over financialreporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the internal financial controlover financial reporting may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or thatthe degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion the Company has in all material respects an adequate internalfinancial controls system over financial reporting and such internal financial controlsover financial reporting were operating effectively as at 31st March 2021 based on theinternal control over financial reporting criteria established by the Company consideringthe essential components of internal control stated in the Guidance Note on Audit ofInternal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting issued by the ICAI. Our opinion isnot modified in respect of this matter.
| ||FOR GUPTA RAJ & CO. |
| ||CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS |
| ||FIRM NO. 001687N |
| ||CA NIKUL JALAN |
| ||PARTNER |
|PLACE: MUMBAI ||MEMBERSHIP NO. 0112353 |
|DATED: 19th June 2021 || |
|UDIN: 21112353AAAAEP8150 || |