THE MEMBERS OF LOHIA SECURITIES LIMITED
Report on the Audit of the Standalone FinancialStatements Opinion
We have audited the standalone financial statements of Lohia SecuritiesLimited ("the Company") which comprise the balance sheet as at 31stMarch 2019 and the statement of profit and loss and statement of cash flows for the yearthen ended and notes to the financial statements including a summary of significantaccounting policies and other explanatory information.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to theexplanations given to us the aforesaid standalone financial statements give theinformation required by the Companies Act 2013 in the manner so required and give a trueand fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India ofthe state of affairs of the Company as at March 31 2019 and its profit and its cashflows for the year ended on that date.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing(SAs) specified under section 143(10) of the Companies Act 2013. Our responsibilitiesunder those Standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for theAudit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Companyin accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants ofIndia together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of thefinancial statements under the provisions of the Companies Act 2013 and the Rulesthereunder and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance withthese requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we haveobtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that in our professional judgmentwere of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period.These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as awhole and in forming our opinion thereon and we do not provide a separate opinion onthese matters. We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit mattersto be communicated in our report.
|Key Audit Matter ||How our audit addressed the key audit matter |
|Investments and Inventories in Securities ||We have verified these investments and inventories with reference to the provisions of Accounting Standards and also internal policies and procedure of the Company as follows: |
|Investments and inventories of the company represent in various quoted and unquoted equity shares. |
|These constitute 28% of the Company's total assets. The valuation of each category of the aforesaid securities is to be done as per the provisions of Accounting Standards which involves collection of data/information from various sources. Considering the complexities and extent of judgement involved in the valuation this has been determined as Key Audit Matter. || carried out evaluation of the design and operating effectiveness of the internal controls and performed substantive audit procedures. |
| Assessed and evaluated the process adopted for collection of information from various sources for determining fair value of these investments and inventories. |
|Refer Note 11 and 14 to the standalone financial statements. || Verified compliance with the presentation and disclosure requirements as per Accounting Standards and the Act. |
|Fixed Deposits ||We have verified these fixed deposits with reference to the provisions of Accounting Standards as follows: |
|Fixed Deposits are having original maturity for more than 12 months and constitute 47% of the Company's total assets. |
| Assessed and evaluated the process adopted for collection of information from various sources for verification of these fixed deposits pledged with various entities. |
|These are pledged with various banks companies and stock exchange for availing overdraft facility and margin exposure facility. |
| Verified compliance with the presentation and disclosure requirements as per Accounting Standards and the Act. |
|Refer Note 16(b) to the standalone financial statements |
Information Other than the Financial Statementsand Auditor's Report Thereon
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the otherinformation. The other information comprises the information included in the ManagementDiscussion and Analysis Board's report but does not include the financial statements andour auditor's report thereon.
Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the otherinformation and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the financial statements ourresponsibility is to read the other information and in doing so consider whether theother information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or ourknowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If basedon the work we have performed we conclude that there is a material misstatement of thisother information; we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in thisregard.
Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance forthe Standalone Financial Statements
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the matters statedin section 134(5) of the Companies Act 2013 ("the Act") with respect to thepreparation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of thefinancial position financial performance and cash flows of the Company in accordance withthe accounting principles generally accepted in India including the accounting Standardsspecified under section 133 of the Act. This responsibility also includes maintenance ofadequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguardingof the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and otherirregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; makingjudgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design implementation andmaintenance of adequate internal financial controls that were operating effectively forensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records relevant to thepreparation and presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair viewand are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements the Board of Directors isresponsible for assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concerndisclosing as applicable matters related to going concern and using the going concernbasis of accounting unless the Board of Directors either intends to liquidate the Companyor to cease operations or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
The Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing theCompany's financial reporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether thefinancial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement whether due to fraudor error and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assuranceis a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordancewith SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements canarise from fraud or error and are considered material if individually or in theaggregate they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of userstaken on the basis of these financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs we exercise professionaljudgment and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:
Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of thefinancial statements whether due to fraud or error design and perform audit proceduresresponsive to those risks and obtain audit evidence that is
sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The riskof not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for oneresulting from error as fraud may involve collusion forgery intentional omissionsmisrepresentations or the override of internal control.
Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to theaudit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Undersection 143(3)(i) of the Companies Act 2013 we are also responsible for expressing ouropinion on whether the company has adequate internal financial controls system in placeand the operating effectiveness of such controls.
Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and thereasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the goingconcern basis of accounting and based on the audit evidence obtained whether a materialuncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on theCompany's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a materialuncertainty exists we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to therelated disclosures in the financial statements or if such disclosures are inadequate tomodify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to thedate of our auditor's report. However future events or conditions may cause the Companyto cease to continue as a going concern.
Evaluate the overall presentation structure and content of thefinancial statements including the disclosures and whether the financial statementsrepresent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fairpresentation.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding amongother matters the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findingsincluding any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during ouraudit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that wehave complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence and tocommunicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thoughtto bear on our independence and where applicable related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance wedetermine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financialstatements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describethese matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosureabout the matter or when in extremely rare circumstances we determine that a mattershould not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing sowould reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of suchcommunication.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
1. As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order 2016("the Order") issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section(11) of section 143 of the Companies Act 2013 we give in the Annexure "A" astatement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order to the extentapplicable.
2. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act we report that:
(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanationswhich to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of ouraudit.
(b) In our opinion proper books of account as required by law havebeen kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books.
(c) The Balance Sheet the Statement of Profit and Loss and the CashFlow Statement dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account.
(d) In our opinion the aforesaid standalone financial statementscomply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act read withRule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014.
(e) On the basis of the written representations received from thedirectors as on 31st March 2019 taken on record by the Board of Directors none of thedirectors is disqualified as on 31st March 2019 from being appointed as a director interms of Section 164(2) of the Act.
(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controlsover financial reporting of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controlsrefer to our separate Report in Annexure "B".
(g) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor'sReport in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 inour opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given tous:
i) The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on itsfinancial position in its financial statements - Refer Note 28(ii) to the standalonefinancial statements.
ii) The Company did not have any long-term contracts includingderivative contracts for which there were any material foreseeable losses.
iii) There were no amounts which were required to be transferred to theInvestor Education and Protection Fund by the Company.
| ||For VASUDEO & ASSOCIATES |
| ||Chartered Accountants |
| ||(Firm Reg. No. 319299E) |
| ||V. Agarwal |
|Place : Kolkata ||(Partner) |
|Dated: The 30th day of May' 2019 ||Membership No. 054784 |