Malabar Trading Company Ltd.
|BSE: 501473||Sector: Financials|
|NSE: N.A.||ISIN Code: INE438D01018|
|BSE 00:00 | 04 Mar||Malabar Trading Company Ltd|
|NSE 05:30 | 01 Jan||Malabar Trading Company Ltd|
|BSE: 501473||Sector: Financials|
|NSE: N.A.||ISIN Code: INE438D01018|
|BSE 00:00 | 04 Mar||Malabar Trading Company Ltd|
|NSE 05:30 | 01 Jan||Malabar Trading Company Ltd|
TO THE MEMBERS OF MALABAR TRADING COMPANY LIMITED Report on the Audit of the StandaloneFinancial Statements Opinion
We have audited the standalone financial statements of MALABAR TRADING COMPANY LIMITED("the Company") which comprise the Standalone Balance Sheet as at 31 March2020 and the Standalone Statement of Profit and Loss (including other comprehensiveincome) Standalone Statement of Changes in Equity and Standalone Statement of Cash Flowsfor the year then ended and notes to the standalone financial statements including asummary of the significant accounting policies and other explanatory information(hereinafter referred to as "the standalone financial statements").
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanationsgiven to us the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information requiredby the Companies Act 2013 ("the Act") in the manner so required and give a trueand fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India ofthe state of affairs of the Company as at 31 March 2020 and profit and othercomprehensive income changes in equity and its cash flows for the year ended on thatdate.
Basis of Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specifiedunder Section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities under those SAs are furtherdescribed in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone FinancialStatements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with theCode of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with theethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statementsunder the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder and we have fulfilled our otherethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. Webelieve that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to providea basis for our opinion.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters ('KAM') are those matters that in our professional judgment were ofmost significance in our audit of the standalone financial statements of the currentperiod. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalonefinancial statements as a whole and in forming our opinion thereon and we do not providea separate opinion on these matters.
Revenue recognition in view of adoption of Ind AS 115 "Revenue from Contracts withCustomers" (new revenue accounting standard)
Revenue recognition is significant audit risk within the Company. Risk exists indetermination of transaction price in off-market transfer of investment by the company.The application of the new revenue accounting standard involves certain key judgmentsrelating to identification of distinct performance obligations determination oftransaction price of the identified performance obligations the appropriateness of thebasis used to measure revenue recognized over a period.
Principal Audit Procedures
- Our audit consisted testing of the design and operating effectiveness of the internalcontrols and substantive testing as follows:
- We evaluated the design of internal controls relating to revenue recognition.
- We selected sample of Sales transactions and tested the operating effectiveness ofthe internal control relating to revenue recognition.
- We carried out a combination of procedures involving enquiry and observation reperformance and inspection.
- We have tested sample of Sale transactions to their respective customer contractsunderlying invoices and related documents.
- We have performed cut-off procedures for sample of revenue transactions at year-endin order to conclude on whether they were recognized in accordance with Ind-AS 115.
The Company's management and Board of Directors are responsible for the otherinformation. The other information comprises the information included in the Company'sannual report but does not include the standalone financial statements and our auditors'report thereon.
Our opinion on the standalone financial statements does not cover the other informationand we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements our responsibilityis to read the other information and in doing so consider whether the other informationis materially inconsistent with the standalone financial statements or our knowledgeobtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If based on thework we have performed we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this otherinformation; we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in thisregard.
Management's Responsibility for the Standalone Financial Statements
The Company's management and Board of Directors are responsible for the matters statedin Section 34(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these standalone financialstatements that give a true and fair view of the state of affairs profit/loss (includingother comprehensive income) changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordancewith the accounting principles generally accepted in India including the IndianAccounting Standards (Ind AS) specified under Section 133 of the Act. This responsibilityalso includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisionsof the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detectingfrauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accountingpolicies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and designimplementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls that were operatingeffectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records relevantto the preparation and presentation of the standalone financial statements that give atrue and fair view and are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the standalone financial statements management and Board of Directors areresponsible for assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concerndisclosing as applicable matters related to going concern and using the going concernbasis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to ceaseoperations or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
The Board of Directors is also responsible for overseeing the Company's financialreporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalonefinancial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement whether due to fraudor error and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assuranceis a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordancewith SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements canarise from fraud or error and are considered material if individually or in theaggregate they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of userstaken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs we exercise professional judgment andmaintain professional skepticism throughout the audit.
- Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financialstatements whether due to fraud or error design and perform audit procedures responsiveto those risks and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide abasis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting fromfraud is higher than for one resulting from error as fraud may involve collusionforgery intentional omissions misrepresentations or the override of internal control.
- Obtain an understanding of internal financial control relevant to the audit in orderto design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section143(3)(i) of the Act we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether theCompany has adequate internal financial controls system in place and the operatingeffectiveness of such controls.
- Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness ofaccounting estimates and related disclosures made by the management.
- Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis ofaccounting and based on the audit evidence obtained whether a material uncertaintyexists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company'sability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty existswe are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures inthe standalone financial statements or if such disclosures are inadequate to modify ouropinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of ourauditor's report. However future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease tocontinue as a going concern.
- Evaluate the overall presentation structure and content of the standalone financialstatements including the disclosures and whether the standalone financial statementsrepresent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fairpresentation.
- Materiality is the magnitude of misstatements in the standalone financial statementsthat individually or in aggregate makes it probable that the economic decisions of areasonably knowledgeable user of the standalone financial statements may be influenced. Weconsider quantitative materiality and qualitative factors in (i) planning the scope of ouraudit work and in evaluating the results of our work; and (ii) to evaluate the effect ofany identified misstatements in the standalone financial statements.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding among other matters theplanned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings including anysignificant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have compliedwith relevant ethical requirements regarding independence and to communicate with themall relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on ourindependence and where applicable related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance we determine thosematters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statementsof the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these mattersin our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about thematter or when in extremely rare circumstances we determine that a matter should not becommunicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonablybe expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
1. As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order 2016 issued by the CentralGovernment of India in term of sub-section (11) of section 143 of the Companies Act 2013we give in the Annexure "A" a statement on the matters specified in theparagraphs 3 and 4 of the Order to the extent applicable.
(A) As required by section 143(3) of the Act we report that:
a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the bestof our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purpose of our audit.
b) In our opinion proper books of account as required by law have been kept by theCompany so far as appears from our examination of those books.
c) The Balance Sheet Statement of Profit and Loss and Cash Flow Statement dealt withby this Report are in agreement with the books of account.
d) In our opinion the aforesaid financial statements comply with the AccountingStandards specified under Section 133 of the Act read with Rule 7 of the Companies(Accounts) Rules 2014 and the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules 2016.
e) On the basis of written representations received from the directors as on 31 March2020 taken on record by the Board of Directors none of the directors is disqualified ason 31 March 2020 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of theAct.
f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls over financialreporting of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls refer to ourseparate Report in "Annexure B". Our report expresses an unmodified opinion onthe adequacy and operating effectiveness of the Company's internal financial controls overfinancial reporting.
(B) With respect to the matter to be included in the Auditor's Report under Section197(16) of the Act:
In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us theremuneration paid by the Company to its directors during the current year is in accordancewith the provisions of Section 197 of the Act. The remuneration paid to any director isnot in excess of the limit laid down under Section 197 of the Act. The Ministry ofCorporate Affairs has not prescribed other details under Section 197(16) which arerequired to be commented upon by us.
(C) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report inaccordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 as amended inour opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given tous:
i) The Company does not have any pending litigations which would impact its financialposition.
ii) The Company did not have any long-term contracts including derivatives contractsfor which there were any material foreseeable losses.
iii) There were no amounts which required to be transferred to the Investor Educationand Protection Fund by the Company.
iv) The disclosures in the consolidated financial statements regarding holdings as wellas dealings in specified bank notes during the period from 8 November 2016 to 30 December2016 have not been made in the financial statements since they do not pertain to thefinancial year ended 31 March 2020.
ANNEXURE "A" TO THE AUDITORS' REPORT
The Annexure referred to in paragraph 1 under 'Report on Other Legal and RegulatoryRequirements' section of Our Report of even date to the members of M/s MALABAR TRADINGCOMPANY LIMITED on the accounts of the company for the year ended 31st March2020.
1. a) The Company has maintained proper records showing full particulars includingquantitative details and situation of fixed assets.
b) The Company has a program of verification to cover all the items of fixed assets ina phased manner which in our opinion is reasonable having regard to the size of theCompany and the nature of its assets. Pursuant to the program certain fixed assets werephysically verified by the management during the year. According to the information andexplanations given to us no material discrepancies were noticed on such verification.
c) According to the information and explanations given to us the records examined byus and based on the examination of the conveyance deeds provided to us we report thatthe title deeds comprising all the immovable properties of land and buildings which arefreehold are held in the name of the Company as at the balance sheet date. In respect ofimmovable properties of land and building that have been taken on lease and disclosed asfixed assets in the standalone financial statements the lease agreements are in the nameof the Company.
2. The inventory has been physically verified at reasonable interval by the managementto the extent possible. In our opinion the frequency of verification is reasonable. Inour opinion this periodicity of physical verification is reasonable having regard to thesize of the Company and the nature of its business.
3. As per information and explanation given to us the company has not granted loans toparties covered in the register maintained under section 189 of the Companies Act henceclause (iii) (a) to (c) are not applicable to the company.
4. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us theCompany has complied with the provisions of section 185 and 186 of the Act with respectto the loans and investments made.
5. According to the information and explanations given to us the Company has notaccepted any deposits from the public. Therefore the directives issued by the ReserveBank of India and the provisions of sections 73 to 76 or any other relevant provisions ofthe Companies Act and the rules framed there under are not applicable to the Company.
6. As informed to us Central government has not prescribed maintenance of cost recordsunder sub-section (1) of section 148 of the Companies Act in respect of products of thecompany.
7. In respect of Statutory dues:
a) As per information & according to explanation given to us the company isgenerally regular in depositing statutory dues with the appropriate authorities during theyear. According to the information and explanations given to us no undisputed amountspayable in respect of the above were in arrears as at March 31 2020 for a period of morethan six months from the date on when they become payable.
b) As per information & according to explanation given to us there are no cases ofnon deposit with the appropriate authorities of disputed dues of Income-tax and any otherstatutory dues with the appropriate authorities during the year.
8. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us theCompany has not defaulted in the repayment of dues to banks. The Company has not taken anyloan either from financial institutions or from the government and has not issued anydebentures.
9. Based upon the audit procedures performed and the information and explanations givenby the management the company has not raised moneys by way of initial public offer orfurther public offer including debt instruments and term Loans. Accordingly theprovisions of clause 3 (ix) of the Order are not applicable to the Company and hence notcommented upon.
10. Based upon the audit procedures performed and the information and explanationsgiven by the management we report that no fraud by the Company or on the company by itsOfficers or employees has been noticed or reported during the year.
11. Based upon the audit procedures performed and the information and explanationsgiven by the management the managerial remuneration has been paid or provided inaccordance with the requisite approvals mandated by the provisions of section 197 readwith Schedule V to the Companies Act;
12. In our opinion the Company is not a Nidhi Company. Therefore the provisions ofclause 3 (xii) of the Order are not applicable to the Company.
13. In our opinion all transactions with the related parties are in compliance withsection 177 and 188 of Companies Act 2013 and the details have been disclosed in theFinancial Statements as required by the applicable accounting standards.
14. Based upon the audit procedures performed and the information and explanationsgiven by the management the company has not made any preferential allotment or privateplacement of shares or fully or partly convertible debentures during the year underreview. Accordingly the provisions of clause 3 (xiv) of the Order are not applicable tothe Company and hence not commented upon.
15. Based upon the audit procedures performed and the information and explanationsgiven by the management the company has not entered into any non-cash transactions withdirectors or persons connected with him. Accordingly the provisions of clause 3 (xv) ofthe Order are not applicable to the Company and hence not commented upon.
16. In our opinion the company is not required to be registered under section 45 IA ofthe Reserve Bank of India Act 1934 and accordingly the provisions of clause 3 (xvi) ofthe Order is not applicable to the Company and hence not commented upon.
Annexure "B" to the Auditors' Report
Report on the internal financial controls with reference to the aforesaid standalonefinancial statements under section 143(3)(i) of the Companies Act 2013
We have audited the internal financial controls with reference to financial statementsof MALABAR TRADING COMPANY LIMITED ("the Company") as of March 31 2020 inconjunction with our audit of the Ind AS financial statements of the Company for the yearended on that date.
In our opinion the Company has in all material respects adequate internal financialcontrols with reference to standalone financial statements and such internal financialcontrols were operating effectively as at 31 March 2020 based on the internal financialcontrols with reference to standalone financial statements criteria established by theCompany considering the essential components of internal control stated in the GuidanceNote on Audit of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting issued by theInstitute of Chartered Accountants of India (the "Guidance Note").
Management's Responsibility for Internal Financial Controls
The Company's management and the Board of Directors are responsible for establishingand maintaining internal financial controls based on the internal financial controls withreference to standalone financial statements criteria established by the Companyconsidering the essential components of internal control stated in the Guidance Note.These responsibilities include the design implementation and maintenance of adequateinternal financial controls that were operating effectively for ensuring the orderly andefficient conduct of its business including adherence to the Company's policies thesafeguarding of its assets the prevention and detection of frauds and errors theaccuracy and completeness of the accounting records and the timely preparation ofreliable financial information as required under the Companies Act 2013 (hereinafterreferred to as "the Act").
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's internal financialcontrols with reference to standalone financial statements based on our audit. Weconducted our audit in accordance with the Guidance Note and the Standards on Auditingprescribed under Section 143(10) of the Act to the extent applicable to an audit ofinternal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements. ThoseStandards and the Guidance Note require that we comply with ethical requirements and planand perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether adequate internalfinancial controls with reference to standalone financial statements were established andmaintained and whether such controls operated effectively in all material respects.
Our audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the adequacy ofthe internal financial controls with reference to financial statements and their operatingeffectiveness. Our audit of internal financial controls with reference to financialstatements included obtaining an understanding of internal financial controls withreference to financial statements assessing the risk that a material weakness exists andtesting and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based onthe assessed risk. The procedures selected depend on the Auditors' judgment including theassessment of the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statementswhether due to fraud or error.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate toprovide a basis for our audit opinion on the Company's internal financial controls systemover financial reporting.
Meaning of Internal Financial Controls over Financial Reporting
A company's internal financial control over financial reporting is a process designedto provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and thepreparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generallyaccepted accounting principles. A company's internal financial control over financialreporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance ofrecords that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions anddispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance thattransactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements inaccordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts andexpenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorisations ofmanagement and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regardingprevention or timely detection of unauthorised acquisition use or disposition of thecompany's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Inherent Limitations of Internal Financial Controls over Financial Reporting
Because of the inherent limitations of internal financial controls over financialreporting including the possibility of collusion or improper management override ofcontrols material misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.Also projections of any evaluation of the internal financial controls over financialreporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the internal financial controlover financial reporting may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or thatthe degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.