Babri demolition: How India has changed in 25 years
On December 6, 1992, scores of Hindutva foot soldiers, went on the rampage to demolish a medieval mosque built by India’s first Mughal emperor, allegedly after dismembering an ancient Hindu temple built in the name of Ram.
Here is how India, Hindu and Muslims have changed in last 25 years.
The per-capita income of Indians was barely Rs 16,000 (or $245 at current exchange rates) in 1990.
When the Babri mosque was pulled down, it fell even further.
In the year the Babri mosque was demolished, the consumer inflation in India touched 14 per cent — a record high in many years.
A year before the demolition, inflation was still at a debilitating 9 per cent.
Unemployment levels (data for which in India are highly dubious) stood at 4 per cent.
For many Indians, who were just about making Rs 1,300 (or $20) a month on an average, the economy wasn’t something they could look up to for redemption.
By 1991, 18-year-olds were staring at a future where their incomes and standard of life would be no better than their parents.
In 1973, when these young people were born, the per-capita income in India was around Rs 11,000 ($169 at current rates).
In present-day India, per-capita income over the past two decades has grown almost five times.
In the two decades preceding the Babri mosque demolition, it had grown less than 50 per cent.
Consumer inflation now is less than half of what it was back then, though it has shown signs of spiking sporadically, irrespective of the blessings of bountiful monsoon.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth has been steadier than in the pre-Babri days.
Unemployment rates are almost the same as they were in 1991, even though a significantly higher number of young people are now entering the workforce.
Literacy levels are much higher than in the Babri days.
Even as unemployment remains at the same levels as in the Babri days, India is increasingly becoming a male-dominated country.
The ministry of labour and employment’s statistics suggest that sex ratio of in the 15-34-year age group has steadily declined since 1991.
In the year the Babri mosque was demolished, there were 950 females for every 1,000 males in this age bracket. In 2011, the sex ratio stood at 934.
In two decades preceding the Babri mosque demolition, the Hindu population grew by almost half, while Muslims grew by 62 per cent.
But since 1991, the growth rate of Hindus in India has slowed down to 42 per cent.
Meanwhile, the Muslim population growth has further accelerated to 70 per cent. Image: IMGUR
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