India's second largest television network, popularly known as SunTV Network Limited has powerpacked Twenty TV channels, Forty One FM Radio Stations, Two Daily Newspapers and Four Magazines in several Indian languages. The Company was incorporated as Sumangali Publications Private Limited in 18th December of the year 1985. The SunTV Network originally began as a Tamil satellite channel and further expanded with other channels in other languages including Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada. The channels offered from the company are SunTV, KTV, Sun Music, Sun News, Chutti TV, SuryaTV, GeminiTV, Teja News, Gemini News, Gemini Music, Gemini Cable Vision, UdayaTV, Udaya Movies, Udaya News, etc. The Company also has its own earth station, which beams programs directly to the satellite. The SunTV Network is available in Asia, South Africa, Australia, Europe and USA. In Tamil New Years Day at 14th April of the year 1993, Sun TV entered Tamil homes for the first time. Initially for four-and-a-half hours a day on a time-sharing arrangement with ATN. Over a period of time with Sun TV became a 24-hour channel in January of the year 1995. The word `private' in the name of the company was deleted with effect from 1st July of the year 1996. As of September 1998, Domestic up linking commenced from Chennai through VSNL and the company had launched our first Malayalam channel Surya TV in October of the same year 1998. During March of the year 2000, Domestic up linking through own teleport commenced from Chennai and also fully digital transmission of all TV channels commenced. The name of the company was changed to Sun TV Limited. The fresh certificate of incorporation consequent to the change of name was granted to the company in 27th March of the year 2000. SunTV Network had launched Sun News, news and current affairs based channel in May of the same year 2000. The word 'private' was reinserted in the name of the company in 9th October of the year 2001. The Company bagged Indian Television Academy award for the best Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada and Telugu TV Channel for the year 2001. The Company had launched KTV, a 24-hour film based Tamil channel with its primary focus on films and film-based programme in October of the year 2002. Sun Music, the first 24-hour Tamil music channel was launched under the group in September of the year 2004. As at January of the year 2005, SunTV Network had launched a film and music based 24-hour Malayalam language channel under the name of Kiran TV. During the year 2003, the first radio Frequency Modulation (FM) channel in Tamil of the company were came to existence from three major cities of Tamil Nadu, i.e., Chennai, Coimbatore and Tirunelveli and also it holds licenses for 45 FM radio stations across India. During the year 2005, Kal Radio Limited and South Asia FM Limited were incorporated for the purpose of bidding for FM licenses under the Phase II Policy of MIB. The status of the company was subsequently changed to a public limited company by a special resolution of the members passed at an extraordinary general meeting held in 15th December of the year 2005. The fresh certificate of incorporation consequent on change of name was granted to the company in December 27th 2005. In the year 2006, Sun TV Ltd had launched 3 more FM Radio Stations under the brand S FM through its subsidiaries Kal Radio Ltd and South Asia FM Ltd. The Company's some channels became a pay mode with effect from 2nd December of the 2006. The Company had hiked its advertisement rates by 5% to 27% with effect from January of the year 2007. During the identical year of 2007, Sun TV signed an exclusive Cable & Satellite channels agreement with Nimbus Communications Ltd. Sun TV Network Ltd through its subsidiary - South Asia FM Ltd (SAFL) had entered into a strategic alliance with Red FM to further its FM Radio broadcasting business in the North, West and East Indian markets. The Company got its current name `SunTV Network Limited' after the merger of Gemini and Udaya in 24th April of the year 2007. During the year 2008, from January to April, SunTV Network had launched its FM Radio Station under the brand 'S FM' at different locations, such as Kanpur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Mangalore, Kannur (Kerala), Mysore and Jamshedpur.