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Hindalco Industries Ltd.

BSE: 500440 Sector: Metals & Mining
NSE: HINDALCO ISIN Code: INE038A01020
BSE 00:00 | 10 Jul 163.65 -1.25
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NSE 00:00 | 10 Jul 163.70 -1.10
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163.70

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OPEN 164.50
PREVIOUS CLOSE 164.90
VOLUME 664260
52-Week high 221.20
52-Week low 85.05
P/E 55.47
Mkt Cap.(Rs cr) 36,761
Buy Price 163.75
Buy Qty 15.00
Sell Price 163.65
Sell Qty 532.00
OPEN 164.50
CLOSE 164.90
VOLUME 664260
52-Week high 221.20
52-Week low 85.05
P/E 55.47
Mkt Cap.(Rs cr) 36,761
Buy Price 163.75
Buy Qty 15.00
Sell Price 163.65
Sell Qty 532.00

Hindalco Industries Ltd. (HINDALCO) - Auditors Report

Company auditors report

To the Members of Hindalco Industries Limited

Report on the audit of the standalone financial statements

Opinion

1. We have audited the standalone financial statements of Hindalco Industries Limited (the Company) which comprise the balance sheet as at March 31 2019 the statement of profit and loss the statement of changes in equity and the statement of cash flows for the year then ended and notes to the standalone financial statements including a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.

2. In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information required by the Companies Act 2013 (the Act) in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 31 2019 and total comprehensive loss (comprising of profit and other comprehensive loss) changes in equity and its cash flows for the year then ended.

Basis for opinion

3. We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing (SAs) specified under section 143(10) of the Companies Act 2013. Our responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the standalone financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the standalone financial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Key audit matters

4. Key audit matters are those matters that in our professional judgment were of most significance in our audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the standalone financial statements as a whole and in forming our opinion thereon and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

Key audit mattersHow our audit addressed the key audit matters
A. Measurement of inventory quantities of coal bauxite and work in progress consisting of precious metals
Refer Notes 1D(j) and 11 (d) to the standalone financial statements. Of the Company's Rs. 11394.46 crores of inventory as at March 31 2019 Rs. 1730 crores of inventory comprised of coal bauxite and work in progress consisting of precious metals.Our audit procedures relating to the measurement of inventory quantities of coal bauxite and work in progress of precious metals included the following:
This was determined a key audit matter as the measurement of these inventory quantities lying at the Company's yards smelter and refinery is complex and involves significant judgement and estimate resulting from measuring the surface area dip measurement of materials in tanks/silos etc. Understanding and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of controls over physical count and measurement of such inventory;
 Evaluation of competency and capabilities of management's experts;
 Physically observing inventory measurement and count procedures carried out by management using expertsto ensure its appropriateness and completeness; and
The Company uses internal and external expertsas applicable to perform volumetric surveys and assessments basis which the quantity for these inventories is estimated. Obtaining and inspectinginventory measurement and physical count results for such inventories including assessing and evaluating the results of analysis performed by management in respect of differences between book and physical quantities.
Based on the above procedures performed we did not identify any material exceptions in the measurement of inventory quantities of coal bauxite and work in progress inventories consisting of precious metals.
B. Provisions recognised and contingencies disclosed with regard to certain legal and tax matters
Refer Notes 1D(i) 10 21 25 45 and 46 to the standalone financial statements.Our audit procedures relating to provisions recognised and contingencies disclosed regarding certain legal and tax matters included the following:
As at March 31 2019 the Company has paid deposits under protest recognised provisions and disclosed contingent liabilities towards various legal and tax matters. There are number of legal direct and indirect tax cases against the Company including environmental mining local and state levies income tax holidays availing of input tax credits etc. Understanding and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of controls over the recognition measurement presentation and disclosures made in the standalone financial statements in respect of these matters;
This is a key audit matter as evaluation of these matters requires management judgement and estimation interpretation of laws and regulations and application of relevant judicial precedents to determine the probability of outflow of economic resources for recognising provisions and making related disclosures in the standalone financial statements. Obtaining details of legal and tax matters inspecting the supporting documents to evaluate management's assessment of probability of outcome and the magnitude of potential loss and testing related provisions and disclosures in the standalone financial statements;
 Reviewing orders and other communication from regulatory authorities and management responses thereto;
 Reviewing management expert's legal advice and opinion as applicable obtained by the Company's management for evaluating certain legal matters and evaluating competence and capabilities of the experts; and
 Using auditor's experts for assistance in evaluating certain significant and complex direct and indirect tax matters.
Based on the above procedures performed we did not identify any material exceptions in the provision recognised and contingent liabilities disclosed in the standalone financial statements with regard to such legal and tax matters.
C. Accounting of derivatives and hedging transactions
(Refer Notes1B(P) 9 20 and 52 to the standalone financial statements.) Company's financial performance is significantly impacted by fluctuations in prices of aluminium copper gold silver furnace oil coal foreign exchange rates and interest rates. The Company takes a structured approach to the identification quanti fication and hedging of such risks by using various derivatives (e.g. forwards swaps futures and embedded derivatives) in commodities and / or foreign currencies. These hedges are designated as either cashflow or fair value hedges and in certain cases remains non-designated.Our audit procedures related to accounting of derivative and hedging transactions included the following:
 Understanding and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of controls over accounting of derivative and hedging transactions;
 Testing qualifying criteria for hedge accounting in accordance with Ind AS 109 including:
Understanding the risk management objectives and strategies for different types of hedging programs;
Evaluating that the hedging relationship consists only of eligible hedging instruments and hedged items;
Using auditor's expert for assistance in verifying hedge effectiveness requirements of Ind AS 109 including the economic relationship between the hedged item and the hedging instrument.
As at March 31 2019 the carrying value of the Company's derivatives included derivative assets amounting to Rs. 935.43 crores and derivative liabilities of Rs. 537.27 crores. Evaluating competence and capabilities of the auditor's experts;
Derivative and hedge accounting is considered a key audit matter because of its significance to the financial statements the volume nature and types of hedging relationshipsincluding complexity involved in the application of hedge accounting principles in accordance with Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments. Testing appropriateness of hedge accounting to qualified hedge relationships i.e. cash flow and fair value hedges;
 Testing related presentation and disclosures in the standalone financial statements.
Based on the above procedures performed we did not identify any material exceptions in the amounts presentation and disclosures made in the standalone financial statements relating to accounting of derivatives and hedging transactions.
D. Assessment of indication of impairment and the recoverable amount (RA)of certain Cash Generating Units (CGUs)within the Aluminium segment
Refer Notes 1D(a) 2 4 and 41 to standalone financial statements. External sources of information such as changes in the market and economic environment including increase in the cost of input materials and decline in the Aluminium metal prices required Company's management to assess whether there is any indication of impairment and therefore make an estimate of RA of certain CGUs within Aluminium segment having carrying value of net assets of Rs. 29413 crores as at March 31 2019.Our audit procedures related to assessment of indication of impairment and RA of these CGUs included the following:
 Understanding and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of controls over identification and assessment of any potential impairment including determining the carrying amount and RA of the CGUs;
 Using auditor's experts for testing appropriateness of the method and model used for determining RA mathematical accuracy of the models' calculations and evaluating reasonableness of key assumptions used in future cash flow projections such as future metal prices foreign exchange rates discount rate input costs and rate of growth over the estimation period;
Based on such indications impairment testing was performed by the Company's management in accordance with the requirements of Ind AS 36 Impairment of Assets. Management has calculated the RA of the CGUs using value in use method. Evaluating competence and capabilities of the auditor's experts;
 Performing sensitivity analysis over key assumptions to corroborate that RA is within a reasonable range; and
This is a key audit matterbecause of the significant carrying value of these CGUs and the estimation uncertainty in assumptions used for calculating the RA of these CGUs such as future metal prices foreign exchange rates discount rate input costs and rate of growth over the estimation period. Testing related presentation and disclosures in the standalone financial statements.
Based on the above procedures performed we did not note any material exceptions in the management's assessment of the indication of impairment and conclusion that the RA of these CGUs within the Aluminium segment were not lower than their respective carrying amounts.

Other information

5. The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the other information. The other information comprise the information included in the annual report but does not include the financial statements and our auditor's report thereon. The annual report is expected to be made available to us after the date of this auditor's report.

Our opinion on the standalone financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements our responsibility is to read the other information identified above when it becomes available and in doing so consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the standalone financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

When we read the annual report if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance and take appropriate action as applicable under the relevant laws and regulations.

Responsibilities of management and those charged with governance for the standalone financial statements

6. The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in section 134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position financial performance changes in equity and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India including the accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Act. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records relevant to the preparation and presentation of the standalone financial statement that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or error.

7. In preparing the standalone financial statements management is responsible for assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern disclosing as applicable matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations or has no realistic alternative but to do so. Those Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Company's financial reporting process.

Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the standalone financial statements

8. Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalone financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or error and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if individually or in the aggregate they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.

9. As part of an audit in accordance with SAs we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:

 Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statements whether due to fraud or error design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error as fraud may involve collusion forgery intentional omissions misrepresentations or the override of internal control.

 Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i) of the Act we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the Company has adequate internal financial controls with reference to financial statements in place and the operating effectiveness of such controls.

 Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.

 Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of accounting and based on the audit evidence obtained whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the standalone financial statements or if such disclosures are inadequate to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.

 Evaluate the overall presentation structure and content of the standalone financial statements including the disclosures and whether the standalone financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

10. We communicate with those charged with governance regarding among other matters the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

11. We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence and where applicable related safeguards.

12. From the matters communicated with those charged with governance we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when in extremely rare circumstances we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Report on other legal and regulatory requirements

13. As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order 2016 (the Order) issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section (11) of section 143 of the Companies Act 2013 we give in the Annexure A a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Order to the extent applicable.

14. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act we report that:

(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit;

(b) In our opinion proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books;

(c) The balance sheet the statement of profit and loss the statement of changes in equity and the statement of cash flows dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account;

(d) In our opinion the aforesaid standalone financial statements comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act;

(e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on March 31 2019 taken on record by the Board of Directors none of the directors is disqualified as on March 31 2019 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164 (2) of the Act;

(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls refer to our separate Report in Annexure B;

(g) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:

i. The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financial position in its standalone financial statements - Refer Notes 45 and 46 to the standalone financial statements;

ii. The Company has made provision as required under the applicable law or accounting standards for material foreseeable losses if any on long-term contracts including derivative contracts - Refer Notes 20 and 46 to the standalone financial statements;

iii. There has been no delay in transferring amounts required to be transferred to the Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company except amount of Rs. 0.07 crore; and

iv. The reporting on disclosures relating to Specified Bank Notes is not applicable to the Company for the year ended March 31 2019.

For Price Waterhouse & Co Chartered Accountants LLP
Firm Registration Number: 304026E/ E-300009
Sumit Seth
Partner
Membership Number: 105869
Mumbai
May 16 2019

ANNEXURE A TO INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT

Referred to in paragraph 13 of the Independent Auditor's Report of even date to the members of Hindalco Industries Limited on the standalone financial statements for the year ended March 31 2019

i. (a) The Company is maintaining proper records showing full particulars including quantitative details and situation of fixed assets.

(b) The fixed assets are physically verified by the Management according to a phased programme designed to cover all the items over a period of 2 to 3 years which in our is reasonable having regard to the size of the Company and the nature of its assets. Pursuant to the programme a portion of the fixed assets has been physically verified by the Management during the year and no material discrepancies have been noticed on such verification.

(c) The title deeds of immovable properties as disclosed in Note 2 on Property Plant and Equipment and Note 3 on Investment Property to the standalone financial statements are held in the name of the Company except for the following:

i. in respect of freehold land (Birla Copper and Muri unit) having gross block of Rs. 0.32 crore and building (Birla copper unit Delhi and Mumbai branch) having gross block of Rs. 11.43 crores the title deeds of which are held in the name of erstwhile companies which have subsequently been amalgamated with the Company;

ii. in respect of freehold land (Mahan and Kathotia unit) having gross block of Rs. 30.87crores the title deeds of which are yet to be transferred in the name of the Company; and

iii. in respect of freehold land (Birla copper unit) and building (Birla copper unit Mumbai and Delhi branch) having gross block of Rs. 0.50 crore and Rs. 15.73 crores respectively the title deeds of which are presently not readily available with the Company.

ii. The physical verification of inventory excluding stocks with third parties have been conducted at reasonable intervals by the Management during the year. In respect of inventory lying with third parties these have substantially been confirmed by them. The discrepancies noticed on physical verification of inventory as compared to book records were not material.

iii. The Company has not granted any loans secured or unsecured to companies firms limited liability partnerships or other parties covered in the register maintained under Section 189 of the Act. Therefore the provisions of Clauses3(iii) (iii)(a) (iii)(b) and (iii)(c) of the said Order are not applicable to the Company.

iv. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us the Company has complied with the provisions of Section 185 and 186 of the Companies Act 2013in respect of the loans and investments made and guarantees and security provided by it.

v. The Company has not accepted any deposits from the public within the meaning of Sections 73 74 75 and 76 of the Act and the Rules framed thereunder to the extent notified.

vi. Pursuant to the rules made by the Central Government of India the Company is required to maintain cost records as specified under Section 148(1) of the Act in respect of its products. We have broadly reviewed the same and are of the opinion that primafacie the prescribed accounts and records have been made and maintained. We have not however made a detailed examination of the records with a view to determine whether they are accurate or complete.

vii. (a) According to the information and explanations given to us and the records of the Company examined by us in our opinion the Company is generally regular in depositing undisputed statutory dues in respect of provident fund employees' state insurance sales tax income tax service tax duty of customs duty of excise value added tax cess goods and service taxand other material statutory dues as applicable with the appropriate authorities. Also refer Note 31 to the standalone financial statements regarding management's assessment on certain matters relating to provident fund.

(b) According to the information and explanations given to us and the records of the Company examined by us there are no dues of income tax which have not been deposited on account of any dispute. The particulars of dues of sales tax service tax duty of customs duty of excise value added tax and goods and service tax as at March 31 2019 which have not been deposited on account of a dispute are as follows:

ANNEXURE A TO INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT

Referred to in paragraph 13 of the Independent Auditor's Report of even date to the members of Hindalco Industries Limited on the standalone financial statements for the year ended March 31 2019

Name of the StatuteNature of DuesRs. in crores*Period to which the amount relatesForum where the disputes are pending
Central Sales Tax Act and Local Sales Tax (including VAT) ActSales tax26.771995-2009 2014-2016Assistant Commissioner/Commissioner/ Deputy Commissioner/ Revisionary Authorities Level/Joint Commissioner/ Additional Commissioner (A)
0.462005-2006 2009-2011Tribunal
32.511986-19871989-1991 1999-2007 2012-2013High Court
The Central Excise Act 1944Excise duty7.132000-2004 2006-2009 2012-2018Assistant Commissioner/ Commissioner/ Revisionary Authorities Level
723.412001-2018Customs Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT)
The Customs Act 1962Custom Duty0.052004-2005Commissioner (Appeal)
23.362009-2014 2016-2017Customs Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT)
The Service Tax under the Finance Act 1994Service Tax4.242001-2002 2007-2017Assistant Commissioner/ Commissioner/ Revisionary Authorities Level
332.792004-2018Customs Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT)
The Central Goods and Service Tax Act 2017Goods and service tax27.122017-2018High Court

* Exclude matters in respect of which favourable order has been received at various appellate authorities.

viii. According to the records of the Company examined by us and the information and explanations given to us the Company has not defaulted in repayment of loans or borrowings to any banks financial institutionsor dues to debenture holders as at the balance sheet date. The Company does not have any loans or borrowings from Government as at the balance sheet date therefore the provisions of Clause 3(viii) of the Order to the extent are not applicable to the Company.

ix. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us the moneys raised by way of term loans have been applied for the purposes for which they were obtained. The Company has not raised any moneys during the year by way of initial public offer and further public offer (including debt instruments).

x. During the course of our examination of the books and records of the Company carried out in accordance with the generally accepted auditing practices in India and according to the information and explanations given to us we have neither come across any instance of material fraud by the Company or on the Company by its officers or employees noticed or reported during the year nor have we been informed of any such case by the Management.

xi. The Company has paid/ provided for managerial remuneration in accordance with the requisite approvals mandated by the provisions of Section 197 read with Schedule V to the Act.

xii. As the Company is not a Nidhi Company and the Nidhi Rules 2014 are not applicable to it the provisions of Clause 3(xii) of the Order are not applicable to the Company.

xiii. The Company has entered into transactions with related parties in compliance with the provisions of Sections 177 and 188 of the Act. The details of such related party transactions have been disclosed in the standalone financial statements as required under Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 24 Related Party Disclosures specified under Section 133 of the Act.

xiv. The Company has not made any preferential allotment or private placement of shares or fully or partly convertible debentures during the year under review. Accordingly the provisions of Clause 3(xiv) of the Order are not applicable to the Company.

xv. The Company has not entered into any non cash transactions with its directors or persons connected with them to which Section 192 of the Act applies. Accordingly the provisions of Clause 3(xv) of the Order are not applicable to the Company.

xvi. The Company is not required to be registered under Section 45-IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934. Accordingly the provisions of Clause 3(xvi) of the Order are not applicable to the Company.

For Price Waterhouse & Co Chartered Accountants LLP
Firm Registration Number: 304026E/ E-300009
Sumit Seth
Partner
Membership Number: 105869
Mumbai
May 16 2019

ANNEXURE B TO INDEPENDENT AUDITOR'S REPORT

Referred to in paragraph 14 (f) of the Independent Auditor's Report of even date to the members of Hindalco Industries Limited on the standalone financial statements for the year ended March 31 2019

Report on the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements under clause (i) of Sub-section 3 of Section 143 of the Act

1. We have audited the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements of Hindalco Industries Limited (the Company) as of March 31 2019 in conjunction with our audit of the standalone financial statements of the Company for the year ended on that date.

Management's responsibility for internal financial controls

2. The Company's management is responsible for establishing and maintaining internal financial controls based on the internal control over financial reporting criteria established by the Company considering the essential components of internal control stated in the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). These responsibilities include the designimplementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls that were operating effectively for ensuring the orderly and efficient conduct of its business including adherence to company's policies the safeguarding of its assets the prevention and detection of frauds and errors the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records and the timely preparation of reliable financial information as required under the Act.

Auditor's responsibility

3. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting (theGuidance Note) and the Standards on Auditing deemed to be prescribed under section 143(10) of the Act to the extent applicable to an audit of internal financial controls both applicable to an audit of internal financial controls and both issued by the ICAI. Those Standards and the Guidance Note require that we comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether adequate internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements was established and maintained and if such controls operated effectively in all material respects.

4. Our audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the adequacy of the internal financial controls system with reference to standalone financial statements and their operating effectiveness. Our audit of internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements included obtaining an understanding of internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements assessing the risk that a material weakness exists and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. The procedures selected depend on the auditor's judgement including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the standalone financial statements whether due to fraud or error.

5. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion on the Company's internal financial controls system with reference to standalone financial statements.

Meaning of internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements

6. A company's internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of standalone financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Acompany's internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detailaccurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of standalone financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorisations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorised acquisition use or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the standalone financial statements.

Inherent limitations of internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements

7. Because of the inherent limitations of internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements including the possibility of collusion or improper management override of controls material misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected. Also projections of any evaluation of the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements to future periods are subject to the risk that the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Opinion

8. In our opinion the Company has in all material respects an adequate internal financial controls system with reference to standalone financial statements and such internal financial controls with reference to standalone financial statements were operating effectively as at March 31 2019 based on the internal control over financial reporting criteria established by the Company considering the essential components of internal control stated in the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reporting issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

For Price Waterhouse & Co Chartered Accountants LLP
Firm Registration Number: 304026E/ E-300009
Sumit Seth
Partner
Membership Number: 105869
Mumbai
May 16 2019